Advertisement

Early Ideas of Space and Vacuum

Chapter
  • 1.3k Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Physics book series (SpringerBriefs in Physics)

Abstract

Aristotle’s idea of a heavenly element (quinta essentia) and his arguments against a void were generally accepted in the ancient world and through the middle ages. However, other ideas circulated as well, such as the active pneuma postulated by Stoic philosophers. Following experiments with barometers and air-pumps in the seventeenth century, the hypothesis of a natural horror vacui lost credibility. Empty space had been discovered in the laboratory—but was the space without air found by Robert Boyle and others really empty?

Keywords

Vacuum Plenum Aristotle Pneuma Horror vacui 

References

  1. Barrow, J.: The Book of Nothing. Vintage, London (2001)Google Scholar
  2. Close, F.: Nothing: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Decaen, C.A.: Aristotle’s ether and contemporary science. The Thomist 68, 375–429 (2004)Google Scholar
  4. Genz, H.: Nothingness: The Science of Empty Space. Basic Books, New York (1999)Google Scholar
  5. Grant, E.: Much Ado About Nothing: Theories of Space and Vacuum from the Middle Ages to the Scientific Revolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grant, E.: Planets, Stars, & Orbs: The Medieval Cosmos, 1200–1687. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1994)Google Scholar
  7. Jammer, M.: Concepts of Space: The History of Theories of Space in Physics. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (Mass) (1954)Google Scholar
  8. Krauss, L.: Quintessence: The Mystery of Missing Mass in the Universe. Basic Books, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  9. McKirahan, R.: Philosophy Before Socrates. Hackett Publishing, Indianapolis (1994)Google Scholar
  10. Sambursky, S.: Physics of the Stoics. Princeton University Press, Princeton (1959)Google Scholar
  11. Sambursky, S.: The Physical World of the Greeks. Routledge, London (1963)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Science StudiesAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Astronomy and GeosciencesTowson UniversityTowsonUSA

Personalised recommendations