Focal Tumor-Like Lesions

  • Thomas Schelle


The increasingly availability of innovative imaging technologies such as high resolution ultrasound (HRUS) and magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) helps in the early detection of a couple of uncommon or very rare tumor-like lesions of the peripheral nerves. They may lead to a circumscribed nerve involvement corresponding to enlarged nerve segments and fascicles or nerve roots with a focal clinical impairment. Often only a biopsy of a single fascicle reveals the correct diagnosis. These conditions may mimic plexiform growth variants of tumors of the peripheral nerve sheath or (multi)focal manifestations of other neuropathies. Among them are sarcoidosis, leprosy, amyloidosis and plasmacytoma or lymphoma. This chapter discusses some clinical aspects as well as findings derived from the imaging methods mentioned above.


Peripheral Nerve Median Nerve Axonal Loss Plexiform Neurofibroma Lepromatous Leprosy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Schelle
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurological DepartmentMunicipal Hospital DessauDessau-RosslauGermany

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