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Generalized or Multifocal Disorders Occasionally Mimicking Focal Neuropathies

  • Thomas Schelle
Chapter

Abstract

A couple of generalized or multifocal disorders affecting peripheral nerves, plexus and motor-neurons may occasionally mimic focal neuropathies. Despite the fact that most of them are rather uncommon or rare, an erroneous diagnosis may mean that patients will undergo non-indicated surgical interventions or other therapies without benefit or even that they are harmed in a worst case scenario. Therefore, knowledge of these diseases will help to avoid misleading diagnoses. Moreover, after the first failed surgery this should always kept in mind as a part of an extensive differential diagnostic approach. The following chapter highlights some essential facts about motor neuron diseases, diseases of brachial and lumbosacral plexus, hereditary neuropathies, autoimmune neuropathies and vasculitic neuropathies so that physicians can differentiate generalized multifocal from focal neuropathies clinically, and furthermore understand the essential diagnostic pathways, such as different imaging techniques and nerve conduction studies.

Keywords

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Brachial Plexus Motor Neuron Disease Multifocal Motor Neuropathy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Schelle
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurological DepartmentMunicipal Hospital DessauDessau-RosslauGermany

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