Optimal Participation of DR Aggregators in Day-Ahead Energy and Demand Response Exchange Markets

  • Ehsan Heydarian-Forushani
  • Miadreza Shafie-khah
  • Maziar Yazdani Damavandi
  • João P. S. Catalão
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 423)


Aggregating the Demand Response (DR) is approved as an effective solution to improve the participation of consumers to wholesale electricity markets. DR aggregator can negotiate the amount of collected DR of their customers with transmission system operator, distributors, and retailers in Demand Response eXchange (DRX) market, in addition to participate in the energy market. In this paper, a framework has been proposed to optimize the participation of a DR aggregator in day-ahead energy and intraday DRX markets. In this regard, the DR aggregator optimizes its participation schedule and offering/bidding strategy in the mentioned markets according to behavior of its customers. For this purpose, the customers’ participation is modeled using a Supply Function Equilibrium (SFE) model. In addition, due to uncertainties of market prices and the behavior of consumers, an appropriate risk measurement, CVaR, is incorporated to the optimization problem. The numerical results show the effectiveness of the proposed framework.


CVaR day-ahead market demand response exchange DR aggregator energy market intraday market 


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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ehsan Heydarian-Forushani
    • 1
  • Miadreza Shafie-khah
    • 2
  • Maziar Yazdani Damavandi
    • 2
  • João P. S. Catalão
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Iran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.University of Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal
  3. 3.INESC-IDLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.ISTUniv. LisbonPortugal

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