Warfare Message Communication in Tactical WMN Using HWMP

  • Jayalakshmi G. Naragund
  • R. M. Banakar
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 420)


In wireless network technologies, Wireless Mesh Network (WMN) is decentralized, low cast and resilient. Hybrid WMN provides minimal configuration and infrastructure to communicate with large community networks like military networks. Since military networks are well planned networks, we can address them as tactical networks. The widely spread fighting forces in military networks have to share information about strategic situations quickly and with better clarity in rapidly changing network. Due to its mobility in terrain topology, network is suffering from suitable routing protocol. Hybrid Wireless Mesh network Protocol (HWMP) is one of the promising routing protocol for such tactical networks. In this paper authors are proposing a framework of analytical model for WMN network, queuing system and delay. The suggested analytical model is also better suited for tactical networks during warefare communication. Using HWMP the analytical delay model is compared with simulation model for 50 nodes. As the simulation proceeds End-to-end delay of delay model is same as simulation model. The authors also focus on analysis of HWMP using military application, against different parameters like Packet Delivery Fraction (PDF), End-to-end delay and routing overhead. The HWMP is compared against well-known protocols of wireless network AODV and DSDV. The results show that PDR and End-to-end delay of HWMP is better than AODV and DSDV as the network size increases. The routing overhead of HWMP is almost nil compared to other two.


Tactical networks Hybrid architecture Queuing Networks Ad hoc network 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Nikolaidis, L.: The End of the Internet. IEEE Network (January/February 2008), In EDITOR’S NOTEGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Akyildiz, I.F., Wang, X., Wangi, W.: Wireless mesh networks: a survey. Computer Networks and ISDN Systems 47(4), 445–487 (2005)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kim, B., et al.: Tactical network design and simulator with wireless mesh network-based backbone architecture. In: Applications and Technology Conference (LISAT), pp. 1–5 (May 2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    ANSI/IEEE Std 802.11: IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan area networks Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications. 1999 edition (r2003) edn. (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    IEEE Std 802.16-2004 (Revision of IEEE Std 802.16-2001): IEEE. IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan area networks Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Campista, et al.: Routing metrics and protocols for wireless mesh networks. IEEE Network 22(1), 6–12 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Baumann, Heimlicher, Plattner: Routing in large-scale wireless mesh networks using temperature fields. IEEE Network 22(1), 25–31 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bisnik, N., Abouzeid, A.: Dealy and throughput in random aceess wireless mesh networks. In: IEEE ICC 2006 Proceedings, pp. 403–408 (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sepehr, F.H., Ashtiani, F.: An analytical model for evaluation of wireless mesh networks. In: International Symposium on Telecommunications, pp. 295–300 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liu, T., Liao, W.: Location-dependent throughput and delay in wireless mesh networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 57(2), 1188–1198 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhou, P., et al.: Asymptotic capacity of infrastructure wireless mesh networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing 7(8), 1011–1024 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cornils, M., et al.: Simulative Analysis of the Hybrid Wireless Mesh Protocol (HWMP). In: European Wireless Conference, pp. 536–543 (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Peppas, N., et al.: Hybrid routing protocol in wireless mesh networks. In: MILCOM, pp. 1–7 (2007)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Abomasan, M., Wysoeki, T., Lipman, J.: Performance investigation on three-classes of MANET routing protocols. In: Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications, October 3-5, pp. 774–778 (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pirzada, A.A., Mcdonald, C., Datta, A.: Performance comparison of trust-based reactive routing protocols. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing 5(6), 695–710 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bolch, G., Greiner, S., de Meer, H., Trivedi, K.S.: Queuing Networks and Markov Chains, ch. 6-7, pp. 212–214, 263–267. John Wiley and Sons (1998)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    HWMP for NS-2. Wireless Software R&D Group of IITP RAS (February 2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jayalakshmi G. Naragund
    • 1
  • R. M. Banakar
    • 1
  1. 1.BVB College of Engineering and TechnologyHubliIndia

Personalised recommendations