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Catalytic Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Value-Added Organic Acids in Aqueous Media

  • Hongfei LinEmail author
  • Ji Su
  • Ying Liu
  • Lisha Yang
Chapter
Part of the Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology book series (GCST)

Abstract

The transition from today’s fossil-based economy to a sustainable economy based on renewable biomass is driven by the concern of climate change and anticipation of dwindling fossil resources. Although biofuels are the central theme of the transition, biomass resources cannot completely replace petroleum. It is projected that biofuels can only supply up to 30 % of today’s transportation fuel market even if all available domestic biomass resources are used for the production of liquid fuels. Therefore, transformation of biomass into high-value-added chemicals is advantageous to secure optimal use of the abundant, but limited, biomass resources from the economical and ecological perspective. Industry is increasingly considering bio-based chemical production as an attractive area for investment. The potential for chemical and polymer production from biomass is substantial. The US Department of Energy recently issued a report which listed 12 chemical building blocks considered as potential building blocks for the future. Organic acids (e.g., succinic, lactic, levulinic acid, etc.) are among the widely spread “platform-molecules,” which may be further converted into possibly derivable high-value-added chemicals. The transition from a fossil chemical industry to a renewable chemical industry will likewise depend on our ability to focus research and development efforts on the most promising alternatives. In this chapter, we review the emerging technologies on catalytic conversion of biomass to value-added organic acids in aqueous media.

Keywords

Lactic Acid Gluconic Acid Glycolic Acid Metal Organic Framework Levulinic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Materials EngineeringUniversity of NevadaRenoUSA

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