Hydrothermal Conversion of Lignin and Its Model Compounds into Formic Acid and Acetic Acid

  • Xu Zeng
  • Guodong Yao
  • Yuanqing Wang
  • Fangming JinEmail author
Part of the Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology book series (GCST)


With the fast depletion of fossil fuels, the development of effective approach for the production of value-added chemicals from renewable resources is strongly desired. Lignin is a main constituent of lignocellulosic biomass, which accounts for 15–30 % by weight and 40 % by energy. Therefore, lignin conversion has significant potential as a source for the sustainable production of chemicals and fuels. However, lignin has received little attention because of its highly crosslinked macromolecule structure and chemical properties. Hydrothermal technology has received much attention in the treatment of organic wastes and biomass conversion because of the unique inherent properties of high temperature water. Here, some recent studies on hydrothermal conversion of lignin and its model compounds into value-added chemicals such as formic acid and acetic acid are presented. Phenol and syringol are mainly introduced as lignin model compounds. It will be useful in exploring the potential approaches for the lignin conversion into useful chemicals and fuels.


Formic Acid Oxygen Supply Fumaric Acid Lignin Model Compound Muconic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21277091 and No. 21077078), the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863 Program; No. 2009AA063903).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu Zeng
    • 1
  • Guodong Yao
    • 1
  • Yuanqing Wang
    • 1
  • Fangming Jin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiP.R. China

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