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Grundlegende kognitive Entwicklungsprozesse: Objektwahrnehmung

  • Michael Kavšek
Chapter
Part of the Springer Reference Psychologie book series (SRP)

Zusammenfassung

Nicht zuletzt Entwicklungen im Bereich der Untersuchungsmethodik haben zu aufschlussreichen Erkenntnisgewinnen in der Forschung zu den perzeptuellen und kognitiven Fähigkeiten von Säuglingen geführt. Das Kapitel greift diese am Beispiel der Entstehung der Objektwahrnehmung im ersten Lebensjahr auf. Es setzt ein mit einem Überblick über die Entwicklung der Fähigkeit, Distanzen und die dreidimensionale Form von Objekten mit Hilfe unterschiedlicher Tiefensignale wahrzunehmen. Die räumliche Wahrnehmung bildet die Voraussetzung für eine Reihe von objektbezogenen Erkennungsleistungen. Es werden einschlägige Studien zu den Paradigmen der Objekteinheit, der Objektpermanenz, der Objektindividuation und der Objektsegregation aufgeführt. Zudem werden die Entstehung des Verständnisses numerischer Relationen und die Fähigkeit zur Bildung von Kategorien diskutiert.

Schlüsselwörter

Räumliche Wahrnehmung Objekteinheit Objektpermanenz Objektindividuation Objektsegregation Numerik Kategorisierung 

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Weiterführende Literatur

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität Bonn Institut für Psychologie, Abteilung Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische PsychologieUniversität BonnBonnDeutschland

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