Advertisement

Biometric Template Protection Based on Biometric Certificate and Fuzzy Fingerprint Vault

  • Weihong Wang
  • Youbing Lu
  • Zhaolin Fang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8346)

Abstract

Biometric Certificate (BC) is a kind of data structure that binds user identity and biometric template, which is able to be applied to access control and identity authentication for various applications like electronic transactions in network environment. A critical issue in biometric system is that may be suffered from biometric template attack, such as “cross-matching attack”, “hill climbing attacks” etc. Hence, it is extremely important to provide high security and privacy for biometric template in BC. This paper implemented a biometric template protection scheme in BC using fuzzy fingerprint vault and fingerprint-based pseudo random number generator (FBPRNG) technique. First, the fingerprint keys are derived from fingerprint template through FBPRG and fingerprint template is encrypted by fingerprint keys to keep it secret. Second, the fingerprint keys are hidden using the fingerprint-based fuzzy vault scheme, and then storing encrypted fingerprint template and fuzzy vault into BC. Finally, this scheme is implemented on open source CA software called EJBCA. The result of experiment shows that the scheme can not only generate the self-certified fingerprint keys, but also effectively secure fingerprint template.

Keywords

fingerprint template protection biometric certificate fuzzy vault EJBCA PKI 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Jain, A.K., Nandakumar, K., Nagar, A.: Template Security. EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 2008, 17 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jain, A.K., Ross, A., Pankanti, S.: Biometrics: A Tool for Information Security. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security 1(2), 125–143 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Scheirer, W., Boult, T.: Cracking fuzzy vaults and biometric encryption. In: Biometric Symposium, Baltimore, MD, USA, pp. 1–6 (September 2007)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Clancy, T., Kiyavash, N., Lin, D.: Secure smartcard-based fingerprint authentication. In: Proc. ACM SIGMM Workshop on Biometrics Methods and Applications, California, pp. 45–52 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sanchez-Reillo, R., Mengibar-Pozo, L.: Microprocessor Smart Cards with Fingerprint User Authentication. IEEE AESS Systems Magazine 18(3), 22–24 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sun, H.W., Lam, K.Y., Gu, M., Sun, J.G.: Improved fingerprint-based remote user authentication. In: Communications, Circuits and Systems, ICCCAS 2007, pp. 472–475 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jun, E.-A., Kim, J.G., Jung, S.W., Lee, D.H.: Extended Fingerprint-based User Authentication Scheme Using Smart Cards in Education IPTV. In: Information Science and Applications, ICISA, pp. 1–8 (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Moon, D., Chae, S.H., Kim, J.N.: A Secure fingerprint template generation algorithm for smart card. In: 2011 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE), pp. 719–720 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chung, Y., Moon, K.: Biometric Certificate based Biometric Digital Key Generation with Protection Mechanism. In: Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies, pp. 709–714 (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jo, J.-G., Seo, J.-W., Lee, H.-W.: Biometric Digital Signature Key Generation and Cryptography Communication Based on Fingerprint. In: Preparata, F.P., Fang, Q. (eds.) FAW 2007. LNCS, vol. 4613, pp. 38–49. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li, C., Xing, Y., Niu, X.X., Yang, Y.X.: Identity Authentication Scheme Based on Biometric Certificate. Computer Engineering 33(20), 159–161 (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
    Ejbca (2013), http://www.ejbca.com
  14. 14.
    Zhang, L.Y., Liu, Q.H., Liu, M.: Research and application of EJBCA based on J2EE. In: Wang, W., Li, Y., Duan, Z., Yan, L., Li, H., Yang, X. (eds.) Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society. IFIP, vol. 251, pp. 337–345. Springer, Boston (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Xu, D.C., Li, B.L.: A Pseudo-random Sequence Fingerprint Key Algorithm Based on Fuzzy Vault. In: Proceedings ofthe 2009 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, China, Changchun, pp. 2421–2425 (2009)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shamir, A.: How to share a secret. Communications of the ACM 22(11), 612–613 (1979)CrossRefzbMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pankanti, S., Prabhakar, S., Jain, A.K.: On the individuality of fingerprint. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 24(8), 1010–1025 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jules, A., Sudan, M.: A Fuzzy vault scheme. In: Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. on Information Theory, Lausanne, Switzerland, pp. 408–408 (2002)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Uludag, U., Pankanti, S., Jain, A.K.: Fuzzy vault for fingerprints. In: Kanade, T., Jain, A., Ratha, N.K. (eds.) AVBPA 2005. LNCS, vol. 3546, pp. 310–319. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Uludag, U., Jain, A.: Securing fingerprint template: Fuzzy Vault with Helper Data. In: Proceedings of CVPR Workshop on Private Research in Vision, USA, pp. 163–169 (2006)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tan, T.Z., Zhang, H.Y.: Improved Fuzzy Vault fingerprint encryption scheme. Application Research of Computers 29(6), 2208–2210 (2012)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Moon, K.Y., Moon, D., Yoo, J.H., Cho, H.S.: Biometrics Information Protection using Fuzzy Vault Scheme. In: 2012 Eighth International Conference on Signal Image Technology and Internet Based Systems, pp. 124–128 (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weihong Wang
    • 1
  • Youbing Lu
    • 1
  • Zhaolin Fang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Computer ScienceZhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations