Simulating Energy Efficiency of Routing and Link-Layer Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Mariusz Słabicki
  • Bartosz Wojciechowski
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8111)


One of the most important characteristics of Wireless Sensor Networks is energy efficiency. Exhausted batteries cannot be easily replaced and cause connectivity problems and reduced network life. Therefore it is crucial to develop methods to reduce energy usage in those networks. In this work some methods in the MAC layer and network layer were tested in simulations for energy efficiency. The best combinations of methods were used in real implementation for confirmation.


Wireless Sensor Networks lifetime protocols simulations MAC T-MAC SEER BEAR HEED 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Anastasi, G., Conti, M., Francesco, M.D., Passarella, A.: Energy conservation in wireless sensor networks: A survey. Ad Hoc Networks 7(3), 537–568 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ansari, J., Pankin, D., Mähönen, P.: Radio-triggered wake-ups with addressing capabilities for extremely low power sensor network applications. International Journal of Wireless Information Networks 16(3), 118–130 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nikodem, J., Klempous, R., Nikodem, M., Chaczko, Z.: Multi-hop and directed routing based on neighborhood cooperation in WSN. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Intelligent Engineering Systems, INES 2011, pp. 221–227 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Polastre, J., Hill, J., Culler, D.: Versatile low power media access for wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, SenSys 2004, pp. 95–107. ACM (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    van Dam, T., Langendoen, K.: An adaptive energy-efficient mac protocol for wireless sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, SenSys 2003, pp. 171–180. ACM (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hancke, G.P., Leuschner, C.J.: SEER: a simple energy efficient routing protocol for wireless sensor networks. South African Computer Journal (39), 17–24 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ahvar, E., Fathy, M.: BEAR: A Balanced Energy-Aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. Wireless Sensor Network 2(10), 793–800 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Younis, O., Fahmy, S.: HEED: a hybrid, energy-efficient, distributed clustering approach for ad hoc sensor networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 366–379 (2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wu, X., Chen, G., Das, S.K.: On the energy hole problem of nonuniform node distribution in wireless sensor networks. In: 2006 IEEE International Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems (MASS), pp. 180–187. IEEE (2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Varga, A., et al.: The OMNeT++ discrete event simulation system. In: Proceedings of the European Simulation Multiconference (ESM 2001), vol. 9 (2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Köpke, A., Swigulski, M., Wessel, K., Willkomm, D., Haneveld, P., Parker, T., Visser, O., Lichte, H., Valentin, S.: Simulating wireless and mobile networks in OMNeT++ the MiXiM vision. In: 1st International Conference on Simulation Tools and Techniques for Communications, Networks and Systems & Workshops (2008)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Słabicki, M., Wojciechowski, B., Surmacz, T.: Realistic model of radio communication in wireless sensor networks. In: Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. (eds.) CN 2012. CCIS, vol. 291, pp. 334–343. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Surmacz, T., Pieronek, T.: Implementing wireshark plugins for rapid protocol development in wireless sensor networks. In: 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Systems Theory, pp. 318–319 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariusz Słabicki
    • 1
  • Bartosz Wojciechowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Computer Engineering, Control and RoboticsWrocław University of TechnologyWrocławPoland

Personalised recommendations