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Streuung am Objekt und Bildkontrast

  • L. Marton
  • L. B. Leder
  • C. Marton
  • H. Mendlowitz
  • J. A. Simpson
  • J. A. Suddeth
  • M. D. Wagner
  • Werner Lippert
  • M. Horstmann
  • G. Meyer
  • H. Raether
  • D. L. Bhattacharya
  • H. Niehrs
  • J. S. Halliday
  • W. C. Nixon
  • Friedrich Lenz
  • Koichi Kanaya
  • Hisazo Kawakatsu
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

It has been recognized for more than 20 years (1) that one of the most important factors in the formation of electron microscope images is electron scattering. A number of papers have appeared (2) based on accepted theories of elastic and inelastic scattering. In order to obtain numerical results, approximations were made and in some cases the results were in fair agreement with experiments (3). We now believe that this agreement was only fair, due to the fact that the theoretical treatments were essentially based on statistical considerations where an average energy loss was used for the inelastic part of the scattering. During the last few years, quite an effort has been made, both experimental and theoretical, toward a better exploration of the inelastic process. As a result, we are now in a much better position to say something more definite about the factors contributing to the inelastic part of the electron scattering process and its role in image formation in electron microscopy.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag OHG. Berlin · Göttingen · Heidelberg 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Marton
    • 1
  • L. B. Leder
    • 1
  • C. Marton
    • 1
  • H. Mendlowitz
    • 1
  • J. A. Simpson
    • 1
  • J. A. Suddeth
    • 1
  • M. D. Wagner
    • 1
  • Werner Lippert
    • 2
  • M. Horstmann
    • 3
  • G. Meyer
    • 3
  • H. Raether
    • 3
  • D. L. Bhattacharya
    • 4
  • H. Niehrs
    • 5
  • J. S. Halliday
    • 6
  • W. C. Nixon
    • 7
  • Friedrich Lenz
    • 8
  • Koichi Kanaya
    • 9
  • Hisazo Kawakatsu
    • 9
  1. 1.National Bureau of StandardsUSA
  2. 2.Max-Planck-Institut für BiophysikFrankfurt/MainDeutschland
  3. 3.Institut für angewandte PhysikUniversität HamburgDeutschland
  4. 4.Department of MetallurgyIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  5. 5.Institut für Elektronenmikroskopie am Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-GesellschaftBerlin-DahlemDeutschland
  6. 6.Research LaboratoryAssociated Electrical Industries Ltd.Aldermaston, BerkshireEngland
  7. 7.Cavendish LaboratoryUniversity of CambridgeEngland
  8. 8.Technische Hochschule AachenDeutschland
  9. 9.Electrotechnical LaboratoryTokyoJapan

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