Welding residual stress and distortion
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A characteristic of application-oriented analysis of welding residual stress and distortion is the mainly decoupled representation of the thermal, mechanical and microstructural processes (illustrated by the line arrows in Fig. 3). The basis of stress and distortion analysis is the temperature field during welding, determined numerically or by measurement, as well as the microstructural changes caused by the temperature field (presented in Chapter 2). Coupling effects are only occasionally taken into account.
KeywordsResidual Stress Cylindrical Shell Butt Weld Welding Residual Stress Welding Distortion
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