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Recent Problems in the Genetic Code

  • Thomas H. Jukes
Conference paper
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 49)

Abstract

The term “genetic code” or “amino acid code” customarily refers to the assignments of the 64 different groups of three consecutive nucleotides in messenger RNA (Table 1). Sixty-one of the 64 are each assigned to an amino acid in the biological synthesis of polypeptide chains and the other three to the function of terminating a polypeptide chain by interposing a carboxyl group instead of adding another amino acid. Each such group of three nucleotides is termed a “codon”.

Keywords

Genetic Code Amino Acid Code tRNA Molecule Anticodon Loop Recent Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DNA

ribonucleic acid

mRNA

messenger RNA

tRNA

transfer RNA

A

adenine

C

cytosine

G

guanine

U

uracil

N

A, C, G, T or U

R

A or G

Y

C, T or U

NDP

nucleoside diphosphate

A . T

hydrogen-bonded base pair

I

inosine

Ala-Gly alanyl-glycine (etc.)

pseudouridine

ppp

triphosphate

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas H. Jukes
    • 1
  1. 1.Space Sciences Laboratory University of CaliforniaBerkeleyFrance

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