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High Melting Metals and Alloys in Tube Design

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Spectral Emissivity Tungsten Wire Vacuum Tube Incandescent Lamp Core Wire 
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References on High Melting Metals Condensed Papers and Books on Tungsten

  1. [1]
    Alterthum, H.: Wolfram (Tungsten). Braunschweig 1925.Google Scholar
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    Forsythe and Pirani: Measurements of Radiant Energy. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
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    Jeffries and Archer: The Science of Metals. New York: (McGraw Hill) 1924.Google Scholar
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    Lax, E., and M. Pirani: Wolfram (Tungsten) in Lehrbuch der Techn. Physik vol. 3. Leipzig 1929.Google Scholar
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    Li, K. C., and Chi Yu Wang: Tungsten. New York 1946.Google Scholar
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    Palme, R.: Glas-u. Hochvakuumtechnik vol. 1 (1952) pp. 134–139 — Planseeberichte (1953) pp. 61-71.Google Scholar
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    Smithells, C. J.: Tungsten. A treatise on its metallurgy, properties and applications. 318 pages. London: Chapman and Hall 1952. (Most complete treatment, many references.)Google Scholar

Physical and Chemical Properties of Tungsten

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    Ahearn, A. J., and J.A. Becker (Bell Tel. Lab.): Electron Microscope Studies of Thoriated Tungsten. Phys. Rev. vol. 54 (1938) pp. 448–448.Google Scholar
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    Andrews, M.R.: J. Phys. Chem. vol.27 (1923) p. 270. (W, WC, W 2, C; el. resistivity.)Google Scholar
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    Andrews, M. R., and S. Dushman: Diffusion of Carbon through Tungsten and Carbide. J. Phys. Chem. vol.29 (1925) p. 462. (WC, W 2 C; el. resistivity.)Google Scholar
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    Balke, C. W.: Industr. Engng. Chem. vol.21 (1929) p. 1006. (W, Ta, Na.)Google Scholar
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    Berger, W.: Annealing of Tungsten Helix. German patent DRP 653603.Google Scholar
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Manufacturing of Tungsten

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    Grebel, B. F. S.: DRP. 527217, 26/31. (Securing of W wires in Ni grid supports by beating.)Google Scholar
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    Gross, R.: Manufacturing of Single-Crystal Tungsten Wire. J. Radiol. vol.15 (1918) p. 270.Google Scholar
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Filaments for Incandescent Lamps and Cathodes

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Other Applications of Tungsten

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag OHG., Berlin Göttingen/Heidelberg 1959

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technische Hochschule MünchenGermany
  2. 2.Dept. El. EngineeringPrinceton UniversityUSA

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