Venoms of Crustacea and Merostomata

  • Y. Hashimoto
  • S. Konosu
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology / Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmakologie book series (HEP, volume 48)


Many intoxications have long been supposed to be related to the ingestion of toxic crustaceans, and a number of papers on this subject have been published and reviewed by HALSTEAD (1965), GUINOT (1967), and HOLTHUIS (1968). These authors list more than 20 species that are suspected to be toxic. Among these crustaceans, however, the sand crab, Emerita analoga, is the only species whose toxin has been to some extent experimentally examined (SOMMER, 1932; SOMMER and MEYER, 1937). In this chapter only the reports based on experimental data will be reviewed; the older literature above will not be discussed, in order to avoid overlapping.


Horseshoe Crab Carapace Breadth Ryukyu Island Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning Spiny Lobster 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Hashimoto
  • S. Konosu

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