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Venoms of Buthinae

  • A. Shulov
  • G. Levy
  • P. Efrati
  • E. Zlotkin
  • F. Miranda
  • H. Rochat
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology / Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmakologie book series (HEP, volume 48)

Abstract

The Buthidae are the largest family of scorpions with more than 500 species distributed throughout the world. Vachon (1973) lists 42 genera. The systematic position of certain groups is uncertain, therefore, the division into subfamilies is still pending. The Buthids of the Old World, however, are included in Buthinae. The diagnostic character of the Buthinae is represented by the complement rows of denticles on the cutting edge of the pedipalps movable finger. While the size of most of these scorpions is from 6 to 12 cm, postabdomen included, some are only 1–2 cm long. Coloration is yellowish-brown to black. Many species have slender, long pincers, but a few have rather broad ones.

Keywords

Scorpion Venom Crude Venom Scorpion Toxin Scorpion Sting Smooth Muscle Preparation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Shulov
  • G. Levy
  • P. Efrati
  • E. Zlotkin
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. Miranda
    • 2
  • H. Rochat
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Entomology and Venomous AnimalsThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Faculté de MédecineSecteur Nord, BiochimieMarseilleFrance

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