Advertisement

Venoms of Ctenidae

  • S. Schenberg
  • F. A. Pereira Lima
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology / Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmakologie book series (HEP, volume 48)

Abstract

This chapter deals only with the spider Phoneutria nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891) and its venom. Also known in Brazil as “aranha armadeira” (spider that assumes an armed display), and wandering or banana spider, it is the most important species of the genus Phoneutria (Perty, 1833), and its very toxic venom is the best studied amongst other species from the Ctenidae family.

Keywords

Basal Segment Venom Gland Flaccid Paralysis Sulfuric Ether Crude Venom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barrio, A.: Spastic action of the venom of the spider Phoneutria fera. Acta physiol. lat.-amer. 5, 132–143 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bonnet, P.: Bibliographia Araneorum, Analyse méthodique de toute la litérature Aranéologique jusqu’en 1939, Tome II. Toulouse 1956.Google Scholar
  3. Brazil, O.V. and Vellard, J.: Contribuicao ao estudo de veneno das aranhas. Mem. Inst. Butantan Bucherl, W.: Dosagem comparada da atividade dos extratos glandulares e do veneno puro de Phoneutria nigriventer (Keyserling), 1891. Mem. Inst. Butantan 25, No. 2, 1–21 (1953).Google Scholar
  4. Bucherl, W.: Studies on dried venom of Phoneutria fera Perty, 1833. In: Venoms. Ed E.E. Buckley and N. Porges. Washington, D.C.: Amer. Ass. Advanc. Sci 1956 pp. 95-97.Google Scholar
  5. Bucherl, W.: Spiders. In: Venomous Animals and Their Venoms. Ed. W. Bucherl and E.E. Buckley New York-London, Academic Press 1971, Vol. III, pp. 197–277.Google Scholar
  6. Cambridge, F.: Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. [6], 19, 76 (1897), cited by W Bucherl: Venomous Animals and Their Venoms, Ed. W. Bucherl and E.E. Buckley, New York-London: Academic Press 1971, Vol. III, pp. 197-277.Google Scholar
  7. Cambridge O.P.: Biol. Centr. Am. 1, 93 (1892), cited by W. Bucherl: Venomous Animals and Their Venoms, Ed. W. Bucherl and E.E. Buckley, New York-London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  8. Cambridge O.P.: Proc Soc. Zool. London 1, 247 (1902), cited by W Bucherl: Venomous Animals and Their Venoms, Ed. W. Bücherl and E.E. Buckley, New York-London: Academic, Press, 1971, Vol. III, pp. 197-277.Google Scholar
  9. Diniz, C. R.: Separacao de proteinas e caracterização de substâncias ativas em venenos de aranhas do Brasil. Anais Acad. bras. Cienc. 35, 283–291 (1963a).Google Scholar
  10. Diniz, C.R.: Personal communication (1963b).Google Scholar
  11. Fischer F.G Bohn H.: Die Giftsekrete der brasilianischen Tarantel Lycosa erythrognata und der Wanderspinne Phoneutria fera. Z. Physiol. Chem. 306, 265–268 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kaiser, E.: The enzymatic activity of spider venom. Mem. Inst. Butantan 25, No. 1, 35–39 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Kaiser, K.: Enzymatic activity of spider venom. In: Venoms, Ed. E.E. Buckley and N. Porges. Washington, D.C.: Amer. Ass. Advanc. Sci. 1956, pp. 91-93.Google Scholar
  14. Keyserling, G.E.: Brasilanische Spinnen. Nürenberg: Verlag von Bauer & Raspe 1891.Google Scholar
  15. Koch, C.L.: Die Arachniden. Fiinfzehnter Band, p. 1-136. Niirenberg 1848.Google Scholar
  16. Mello-Leitão, C.: Contribution à l’étude des Ctenides du Brésil, Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Embnk Strand 1, 1–31 (1936).Google Scholar
  17. Millot, J.: Les glandes venimeuses des aranéides. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. 14, 113–147 (1931) cited by J Vellard: Le venin des araignees. Paris: Masson 1936.Google Scholar
  18. Pereira Lima, F.A., Schenberg, S.: Separação dos componentes ativos de veneno de Phoneutria fera por eletroforese em acetato de celulose (Oxoid). Ciena e Cult. (Sao Paulo) 15, 268 (1963).Google Scholar
  19. Pereira Lima, F.A., Schenberg, S.: Caracteristicas e separacao dos componentes do veneno de Phoneutria fera. Ciena e Cult. (São Paulo) 16, 187 (1964).Google Scholar
  20. Perty, M.: Delectus Animalium, 1833, pp. 197 cited by W. Biicherl: Venomous Animals and Their Venoms. Ed. W. Biicherl and E.E. Buckley. New York-London: Academic Press 1971, Vol. III, pp. 197-277.Google Scholar
  21. Petrunkevitch, A.: Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 29, 473 (1911), cited by W. Biicherl: Venomous Animals and Their Venoms. Ed. W. Biicherl and E.E. Buckley. New York-London: Academic Press, 1971, Vol. III, pp. 197-277.Google Scholar
  22. Reed, L.J., Muench, H.: A simple method of estimating fifty per cent endpoints. Amer. J. Hyg. 27, 493–497 (1938).Google Scholar
  23. Rosenfeld, G., Nahas, L., de Cillo, D.M., e Fleury, C.T.: Envenenamentos por serpentes, aranhas e escorpioes. In: Atualizacao Terapeutica, 5a ed. Rio de Janeiro, Ed. F. Cintra do Prado, J.A. Ramos e J. Ribeiro do Valle, Livraria Luso-Espanhola e Brasileira, 1963, pp. 1148-1160.Google Scholar
  24. Sampayo, R.R.L.: Latrodectus mactans y lactrodectismo. Tesis de doctorado en Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, 1942.Google Scholar
  25. Schenberg, S., Pereira Lima, F.A.: Estudo farmacológico do veneno de Phoneutria fera. Ciena e Cult. (Sao Paulo) 14, 237 (1962).Google Scholar
  26. Schenberg, S., Pereira Lima, F.A.: Individualização dos componentes ativos do veneno de Phoneutria fera. Ciena e Cult. (São Paulo) 14, 237–238 (1963).Google Scholar
  27. Schenberg, S., Pereira Lima, F.A.: Priapism, sialorrhea and other toxic effects induced in dogs and mice by polypeptides of spider (Phoneutria fera) venom. Abstracts of 3rd Int. Pharmacol. Congr. Sao Paulo, p. 189 (1966).Google Scholar
  28. Schenberg, S., Pereira Lima, F.A.: Componentes ativos do veneno de Phoneutria fera. Ciena e Cult. (São Paulo) 19, 456–457 (1967).Google Scholar
  29. Schenberg, S., Pereira Lima, F.A.: Phoneutria nigriventer venom—Pharmacology and biochemistry of its components. In: Venomous Animals and Their venoms. Ed. W. Biicherl and E.E. Buckley. New York-London: Academic Press, 1971, Vol. III, pp. 279-297.Google Scholar
  30. Schenberg, S., Pereira Lima, F.A.: Unpublished observation (1975).Google Scholar
  31. Simon, E.: Histoire Naturelle des Araignees, fasc. 1, pp. 1-192, 2. edit., Tome II. Paris 1897.Google Scholar
  32. Vellard, J.: Le venin des araignées. Paris: Masson 1936.Google Scholar
  33. Walckenaer, C.A.: Ins. Apteres 2, 211–272 (1837)Google Scholar
  34. W. Biicherl: Venomous Animals and Their Venoms. Ed. W. Biicherl and E.E. Buckley. New York-London, Academic Press, 1971, Vol. III, pp. 197–277.Google Scholar
  35. Walckenaer, C.A. (1805), cited by W. Biicherl: Venomous Animals and Their Venoms. Ed. W. Biicherl and E.E. Buckley. New York-London: Academic Press, 1971, Vol. III, pp. 197-277.Google Scholar
  36. Welsh, J.H., Batty, C.S.: 5-Hydroxytryptamine content of some arthropod venoms and venom-containing parts. Toxicon 1, 165–173 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Schenberg
  • F. A. Pereira Lima

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations