Constructing and Sharing Open Educational Resources: Policy and Capacity
Since MIT OCW evoked a worldwide OER movement, many higher educational institutions have taken actions to consider how to take advantages of the initiatives. The concept of sharing high quality educational resources to promote education equality is widely accepted, but how to maintain sustainable development of OER challenges every university. This paper will review the mainland China’s practical exploration with regards to creation and application of OER. It will narrate both government-supported projects and institutional actions to present achievements and problems. Based on some surveys and observations, the author will identify two major influential factors of policy and capacity and try to find out solutions to overcome the obstacles and facilitate the great undertaking.
KeywordsOER policy capacity
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.CNNIC. Statistical report on internet development in China (2013), http://www.cnnic.net.cn/hlwfzyj/hlwxzbg/hlwtjbg/201301/t20130115_38508.htm (retrieved May 23, 2013)
- 2.Lian, L., Yuanyuan, G., Xibin, H., Jiangang, C.: The tendency of OER inflowing the world. China Education and Research Network (5) (2009), http://www.edu.cn/zyjs_8171/20090703/t20090703_388567.shtml (retrieved May 23, 2013)
- 3.Long, W.: Development, application, collaboration and sustainability. Distance Education in China (6) (2008)Google Scholar
- 4.Jingping, Z.: Do not neglect our own precious resources—China Universities open video courses. Distance Education in China (2) (2013)Google Scholar
- 5.Meifeng, L.: Open, sharing, participation, collaboration and development. Distance Education in China (10) (2004)Google Scholar
- 6.Ministry of Education, China, Statistical Communiqué on National Education Development in 2011 (2011), http://www.moe.gov.cn/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/moe/moe_633/201208/141305.html (retrieved May 20, 2013)
- 7.National Online Consortium of Teacher Education (2013), http://www.jswl.cn/xiang.asp?id=20648 (retrieved May 20, 2013)
- 8.National Outline for Medium and Long-term Education Reform and Development, p. 59. Renmin Press, Beijing (2010-2020)Google Scholar
- 9.Shuxiang, H., Yujin, X., Shiping, C., Lanbing, L.: The current condition of China Universities’ Open Video Courses and some consideration. China University Teaching (3) (2013)Google Scholar
- 10.Yawan, L., Ying, L.: A study on the use of Open Educational Resources in China. Modern Distance Education Research (2) (2012)Google Scholar
- 11.Zongli, J.: Constructing National Excellent Resources of Sharing Courses and improve quality to foster talents. China University Teaching (1) (2013)Google Scholar