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LIBS Analysis of Liquids and of Materials Inside Liquids

  • Violeta LazicEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 182)

Abstract

Laser induced plasma formation on or inside liquids is characterized by large energy losses due to liquid evaporation. Ablation of a liquid surface is followed by hydro-dynamical instabilities and splashing. Plasma generation inside bulk liquids is affected by the light absorption and scattering, and it is accompanied by intense pressure waves and successive vapor cavitation. Efficient LIBS analyses in presence of liquids require different considerations; the examples are reported and discussed in following.

Keywords

Vapor Bubble Bulk Liquid Focal Volume Laser Repetition Rate Interpulse Delay 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations and Symbols

CI

Cascade ionization

DP

Dual pulse

LFB

Laser formed bubble

LIB

Laser induced breakdown

LA

Laser ablation

IR

Infrared

LIF

Laser induced fluorescence

UV

Ultraviolet

LOD

Limit of detection

LTE

Local thermal equilibrium

MI

Multi-photon ionization

RSD

Relative standard deviation

SNR

Signal to noise ratio

SP

Single pulse

Ne

Plasma electron density

Δt

Interpulse delay

αIB

Inverse Bremsstrahlung absorption coefficient

tc

Expansion time of the vapor bubble

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ENEA (UTAPRAD-DIM)FrascatiItaly

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