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Physical Processes in Optical Emission Spectroscopy

  • Mario CapitelliEmail author
  • Gianpiero Colonna
  • Giuliano D’Ammando
  • Rosalba Gaudiuso
  • Lucia Daniela Pietanza
Chapter
  • 3.4k Downloads
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 182)

Abstract

Different aspects of physical processes in optical emission spectroscopy are analyzed in equilibrium and non equilibrium conditions. A very simple but accurate method to calculate the partition function of atomic species based on the reduction of the energy level pattern to a three grouped levels system is introduced. Collisional-radiative models are illustrated with different examples emphasizing the coupling of the electron energy distribution function with excited states population and radiation. Finally, models including fluid dynamic equations to describe the LIBS plume expansion in both one and two space dimensions are discussed, showing that these methods can be used to qualitatively rationalize double pulse experiments and, to some extent, to reproduce experimental results.

Keywords

Partition Function Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium Laser Induce Breakdown Spectroscopy Electron Energy Distribution Function Radiative Transport Equation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under grant agreement n. 242311 and from Regione Puglia under INNOVHEAD, avviso Miur n. 713/Ric. The LIBS experimental group (A. De Giacomo, O. De Pascale, M. Dell’Aglio, G. Senesi) and A. Casavola are acknowledged for the useful discussions and for providing results.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Capitelli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gianpiero Colonna
    • 2
  • Giuliano D’Ammando
    • 1
  • Rosalba Gaudiuso
    • 1
  • Lucia Daniela Pietanza
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di ChimicaUniversità di BariBariItaly
  2. 2.CNR-IMIP–Sede di BariBariItaly

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