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Elemental Analysis of Soils by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

  • Mohammed Ashraf GondalEmail author
  • Mohamed A. Dastageer
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 182)

Abstract

The chemical and elemental composition of soil is very complex as it contains many constituents like minerals, organic matters, living organisms, fossils, air and water. Considering the diversity of soil contents, quality and usability, a systematic scientific study on the elemental and chemical composition of soil is very important. In order to study the chemical composition of soil, Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been applied recently. The important features of LIBS system and its applications for the measurement of nutrients in green house soil, on-line monitoring of remediation process of chromium polluted soil, determination of trace elements in volcanic erupted soil samples collected from ancient cenozoic lava eruption sites and detection of toxic metals in Gulf war oil spill contaminated soil using LIBS are described in this chapter.

Keywords

Inductively Couple Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy Laser Induce Breakdown Spectroscopy Laser Induce Breakdown Spectroscopy Spectrum Laser Induce Breakdown Spectroscopy Signal Laser Induce Breakdown Spectroscopy Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The support by Physics department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals is gratefully acknowledged. Some of the work reported in this chapter is partially funded under Project # RG1201-1 & RG 1201-2 through Deanship of Scientific Research, KFUPM. The technical help by Dr. A. Talib Hussain and Dr. Naqvi is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammed Ashraf Gondal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamed A. Dastageer
    • 1
  1. 1.Laser Research Group, Department of PhysicsKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia

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