Precise 3D Angle Measurements in CT Wrist Images
The clinically established method to assess the displacement of a distal radius fracture is to manually measure two reference angles, the dorsal angle and the radial angle, in consecutive 2D X-ray images of the wrist. This approach has the disadvantage of being sensitive to operator errors since the measurements are performed on 2D projections of a 3D structure. In this paper, we present a semi-automatic system for measuring relative changes in the dorsal angle in 3D computed tomography (CT) images of fractured wrists. We evaluate the proposed 3D measurement method on 28 post-operative CT images of fractured wrists and compare it with the radiographic 2D measurement method used in clinical practice. The results show that our proposed 3D measurement method has a high intra- and inter-operator precision and is more precise and robust than the conventional 2D measurement method.
KeywordsWrist fractures CT angle measurements bone segmentation interactive mesh segmentation surface registration
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