Advertisement

Outdoor Environment Monitoring with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

  • Claudio Piciarelli
  • Christian Micheloni
  • Niki Martinel
  • Marco Vernier
  • Gian Luca Foresti
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8157)

Abstract

This work addresses the problem of video surveillance of outdoor environments with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). Specifically it proposes a two-step approach, with an initial offline stage in which a mosaic of the zone to be monitored is built from video sequences. The second step tackles with the problem of online detection of relevant differences between the acquired images and the mosaic model. A GPS-assisted approach is proposed to deal with efficiency issues in this online step. Experimental results prove that the proposed approach can be used to detect relevant changes in the specific case of road safety assurance in dangerous zones.

Keywords

UAV aerial imaging change detection 

References

  1. 1.
    Bay, H., Ess, A., Tuytelaars, T., Van Gool, L.: SURF: Speeded Up Robust Features. Computer Vision and Image Understanding 110(3), 346–359 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brown, M., Lowe, D.: Automatic Panoramic Image Stitching using Invariant Features. International Journal of Computer Vision 74(1), 59–73 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fan, B., Du, Y., Zhu, L., Tang, Y.: The registration of UAV down-looking aerial images to satellite images with image entropy and edges. In: 3rd International Conference on Robotics and Applications, Shanghai, China (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Foresti, G.L., Micheloni, C., Snidaro, L., Remagnino, P., Ellis, T.: Active Video-based Surveillance Systems: the low-level image and video processing techniques needed for implementation. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine 22(2), 25–37 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gaszczak, A., Breckon, T.P., Han, J.W.: Real-time People and Vehicle Detection from UAV Imagery. In: Proc. SPIE Conference Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXVIII: Algorithms and Techniques, vol. 7878, No. 78780B (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Huber, P.J.: Robust statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jackson, B., Goshtasby, A.: Registering video images using the projective constraint. IEEE Trans. Image Processing 19(3), 795–804 (2010)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, C., Zhang, G., Lei, T., Gong, A.: Quick image-processing method of UAV without control points data in earthquake disaster area. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China 21(3), 523–228 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lin, Y., Medioni, G.: Map-Enhanced UAV Image Sequence Registration and Synchronization of Multiple Image Sequences. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cohen, I., Medioni, G.: Detecting and tracking moving objects for video surveillance. In: IEEE Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Fort Collins, CO, USA (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nikolos, I.K., Tsourveloudis, N.C., Valavanis, K.P.: A UAV vision system for airborne surveillance. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, New Orleans, LA, USA, pp. 77–83 (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nikolos, I.K., Tsourveloudis, N.C., Valavanis, K.P.: Multi-UAV experiments: Application to forest in Multiple Heterogeneous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics, pp. 207–228. Springer, Berlin (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wzorek, M., Doherty, P.: The WITAS UAV Ground System Interface with Focus on Motion and Task Planning. In: System Demonstration Abstracts of the 16th International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudio Piciarelli
    • 1
  • Christian Micheloni
    • 1
  • Niki Martinel
    • 1
  • Marco Vernier
    • 1
  • Gian Luca Foresti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of UdineUdineItaly

Personalised recommendations