Leveraging the Cultural Model for Opportunistic Networking in Sub-Saharan Africa
The immense potential of ICT for improving users’ livelihood has been discussed in a large body of literature and many instantiations in our daily life demonstrate this reality. In developing areas, such as Sub-Saharan Africa, ICT for development has become the frontrunner initiative that decision makers are pushing to bring millions of people out of poverty. Unfortunately, the majority of Africans, who live in rural areas, fail to identify with the existing various solutions.
We propose the Toolé approach, which aims at vulgarizing new technologies for facilitating and automating the collection and synthesis of agricultural information. The originality of Toolé lies in the fact that it attempts to build on the cultural values of peasants. The architecture on top of which Toolé was built relies on cheap, yet powerful, devices and on readily available peer-to-peer protocols to deliver services whose inherent costs make sense for low income areas.
KeywordsToolé ICT4D sub-Saharan Africa remote areas e-agriculture opportunistic networking cultural phenomenon
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