Identifying Smart Solutions for Fighting Illegal Logging and Timber Trade

  • Ioannis N. Athanasiadis
  • Despina Anastasiadou
  • Kostas Koulinas
  • Fotis Kiourtsis
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 413)


We investigate how smart Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) solutions can be used for combating illegal logging and timber trade. We put together techniques from agile requirements engineering to propose a methodology for identifying user stories and associated risks and priorities and via a collaborative, participatory, single day workshop, named inception workshop. We present our findings from the first application of the method, with the active involvement of the relevant stakeholders, i.e technical and domain experts, which concluded in seven user stories.


Agile methods requirements engineering forestry illegal logging illegal timber trade user stories participatory methods inception workshop smart solutions RFID low cost sensors 


  1. 1.
    Nellemann, C.: INTERPOL Environmental Crime Programme. In: Carbon, G. (ed.) Black Trade: Illegal Logging, Tax Fraud and Laundering in the Worlds Tropical Forests. A Rapid Response Assessment. United Nations Environment Programme, GRID-Arendal (2012),
  2. 2.
    Ministry of Rural Development and Food: National report of Greece concerning the illegal logging and the trade of the illegally produced forest products. Illegal logging and trade of illegally-derived wood products in the UNECE region: Causes and extent, UNECE & FAO (2004),
  3. 3.
    Papachristou, H.: Greek austerity fuels illegal logging, ministry says. News article, Reuters (2012), (Published online on) (September 18, 2012)
  4. 4.
    Lowen, M.: Greece crisis: Poor turn to illegal logging to survive. News Article, BBC (2013), (Published online on January 28, 2013)
  5. 5.
    Eberlein, A., Leite, J.: Agile requirements definition: A view from requirements engineering. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Time-Constrained Requirements Engineering (TCRE 2002), pp. 4–8 (2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cao, L., Ramesh, B.: Agile requirements engineering practices: An empirical study. Software, IEEE 25, 60–67 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cobb, C.G.: Making Sense of Agile Project Management. John Wiley and Sons (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marijnissen, C., Ozinga, S., Richards, B., Risso, S.: Facing Reality: How to halt the import of illegal timber in the EU. Technical report, FERN - Greenpeace European Unit - WWF European Policy Office (2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Markus-Johansson, M., Mesquita, B., Nemeth, A., Dimovski, M., Monnier, C., Kiss-Parciu, P.: Illegal Logging in South Eastern Europe. REC Working Paper, Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    UN: The European Forest Sector Outlook Study II 2010-2030. Technical report, UNECE, FAO (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Koulelis, P.P.: Greek timber industries and wood product markets over the last century: Development constraints and future directions. Annals of Forest Research 54, 229–240 (2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cabral, E., Simas, R., Santos, V., Queiroga, C., Da Cunha, V., De Sa, G., Daroda, R., Eberlin, M.: Wood typification by Venturi easy ambient sonic spray ionization mass spectrometry: The case of the endangered Mahogany trees. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 47, 1–6 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lowe, A., Wong, K.N., Tiong, Y.S., Iyerh, S., Chew, F.T.: A DNA method to verify the integrity of timber supply chains; Confirming the legal sourcing of merbau timber from logging concession to sawmill. Silvae Genetica 59, 263–268 (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nowakowska, J.: Application of DNA markers against illegal logging as a new tool for the Forest Guard Service. Folia Forestalia Polonica, Series A 53, 142–149 (2011)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jolivet, C., Degen, B.: Use of DNA fingerprints to control the origin of sapelli timber (Entandrophragma cylindricum) at the forest concession level in Cameroon. Forensic Science International: Genetics 6, 487–493 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Degen, B., Ward, S., Lemes, M., Navarro, C., Cavers, S., Sebbenn, A.: Verifying the geographic origin of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) with DNA-fingerprints. Forensic Science International: Genetics 7, 55–62 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ganopoulos, I., Aravanopoulos, F., Madesis, P., Pasentsis, K., Bosmali, I., Ouzounis, C., Tsaftaris, A.: Taxonomic Identification of Mediterranean Pines and Their Hybrids Based on the High Resolution Melting (HRM) and trnL Approaches: From Cytoplasmic Inheritance to Timber Tracing. PLoS ONE 8 e60945 (2013)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tnah, L., Lee, S., Ng, K., Faridah, Q.Z., Faridah-Hanum, I.: Forensic DNA profiling of tropical timber species in Peninsular Malaysia. Forest Ecology and Management 259, 1436–1446 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Häkli, J., Jaakkola, K., Pursula, P., Huusko, M., Nummila, K.: UHF RFID based tracking of logs in the forest industry. In: RFID 2010: International IEEE Conference on RFID, pp. 245–251 (2010)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fuller, D.: Tropical forest monitoring and remote sensing: A new era of transparency in forest governance? Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 27, 15–29 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hermanson, J., Wiedenhoeft, A.: A brief review of machine vision in the context of automated wood identification systems. IAWA Journal 32, 233–250 (2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioannis N. Athanasiadis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Despina Anastasiadou
    • 2
  • Kostas Koulinas
    • 2
  • Fotis Kiourtsis
    • 3
  1. 1.Democritus University of ThraceXanthiGreece
  2. 2.Information Technologies Institute, Centre for Research and Technology HellasThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.General Directorate of Forests & Rural AffairsDecentralized Administration of Macedonia and ThraceThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations