Discrimination of the Micro Electrode Recordings for STN Localization during DBS Surgery in Parkinson’s Patients

  • Konrad Ciecierski
  • Zbigniew W. Raś
  • Andrzej W. Przybyszewski
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8132)


During deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment of Parkinson disease, the target of the surgery is a small (9 x 7 x 4 mm) deep within brain placed structure called Subthalamic Nucleus (STN). It is similar morphologically to the surrounding tissue and as such poorly visible in CT or MRI. The goal of the surgery is the permanent precise placement of the stimulating electrode within target nucleus. Precision is extremely important as wrong placement of the stimulating electrode may lead to serious mood disturbances. To obtain exact location of the STN nucleus an intraoperative stereotactic supportive navigation is being used. A set of 3 to 5 parallel micro electrodes is inserted into brain and in measured steps advanced towards expected location of the nucleus. At each step electrodes record activity of the surrounding neural tissue. Because STN has a distinct physiology, the signals recorded within it also display specific features. It is therefore possible to provide analytical methods targeted for detection of those STN specific characteristics. Basing on such methods this paper presents clustering and classification approaches for discrimination of the micro electrode recordings coming from the STN nucleus. Application of those methods during the neurosurgical procedure might lessen the risks of medical complications and might also shorten the – out of necessity awake – part of the surgery.


Parkinson’s disease DBS STN DWT RMS LFB HFB K-Means EM Clustering C4.5 Random Forest 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Jensen, A.: A Ia Cour-Harbo. Ripples in Mathematics. Springer (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nolte, J.: The Human Brain, Introduction to Functional Anatomy. Elsevier (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Israel, Z., et al.: Microelectrode Recording in Movement Disorder Surgery. Thieme Medical Publishers (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Alexander, B., et al.: Wavelet Filtering before Spike Detection Preserves Waveform Shape and Enhances Single-Unit Discr. J. Neuroscience Methods, 34–40 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Moran, A., et al.: Real-Time Refinement of STN Targeting Using Bayesian Decision-Making on the RMS Measure. J. Mvmt. Disorders 21(9), 1425–1431 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Quian Quiroga, R., Nadasdy, Z., Ben-Shaul, Y.: Unsupervised Spike Detection and Sorting with Wavelets and Superparamagnetic Clustering. MIT Press (2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gemmar, P., et al.: MER Classification for DBS, 6th Heidelberg Innov. Forum (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ciecierski, K., Raś, Z.W., Przybyszewski, A.W.: Selection of the Optimal Microelectrode during DBS Surgery in Parkinson’s Patients. In: Kryszkiewicz, M., Rybinski, H., Skowron, A., Raś, Z.W. (eds.) ISMIS 2011. LNCS, vol. 6804, pp. 554–564. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ciecierski, K., Raś, Z.W., Przybyszewski, A.W.: Foundations of Recommender System for STN Localization during DBS Surgery in Parkinson’s Patients. In: Chen, L., Felfernig, A., Liu, J., Raś, Z.W. (eds.) ISMIS 2012. LNCS, vol. 7661, pp. 234–243. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Novak, P., Przybyszewski, A.W., et al.: Localization of the subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson disease using multiunit activity. J. Neur. Sciences 310, 44–49 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Novak, P., et al.: Detection of the subthalamic nucleus in microelectrographic recordings in Parkinson disease using the high-frequency (> 500 Hz) neuronal background. J. Neurosurgery 106, 175–179 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Walker, H.K., Hall, W.D., Hurst, J.W. (eds.): Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations, 3rd edn. Butterworths, Boston (1990)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konrad Ciecierski
    • 1
  • Zbigniew W. Raś
    • 2
    • 1
  • Andrzej W. Przybyszewski
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Comp. ScienceWarsaw Univ. of TechnologyWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Dept. of Comp. ScienceUniv. of North CarolinaCharlotteUSA
  3. 3.Dept. of NeurologyUMass Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA

Personalised recommendations