Single Photoelectron Manipulation and Detection with Sub-Nanosecond Resolution in CMOS Imagers
This chapter describes single photoelectron manipulation and detection with sub-nanosecond time resolution in CMOS imagers. Base on an lateral electric field control in a perfectly depleted photodiode without any potential barrier, a single photoelectron transfer in less than one nano second is possible. This property is particularly useful for time-resolved very low light level biological imaging such as in fluorescent lifetime imaging.
KeywordsFluorescence Lifetime Biological Imaging Fluorescence Lifetime Image Microscopy Cathode Voltage CMOS Image Sensor
This work was supported in part by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology under a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A), No. 22246049. The authors are grateful to Prof. Hashimoto, Prof. Niioka, Mr. Ukon, Dr. Li, Ms. Baek, and Mr. Han.
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