Advertisement

Promotion of Cooperative Behavior in Social Dilemma Situation - How Group Heuristics, Restriction of Short-Term Memory, and Penalty Promote Cooperative Behavior

  • Atsuo Murata
  • Saki Kubo
  • Naoki Hata
  • Takuma Kanagawa
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8019)

Abstract

The group identity effect in a social dilemma situation might be very important in order to attain cooperation. It is important for organizational managers to make efforts and take measures to enhance cooperative behaviors. First, it was explored how the group heuristics promotes a cooperative behavior in a social dilemma situation. The group heuristics was found to play an important role in a social dilemma situation, and enhance a cooperative behavior. Second, it was examined how the ability of short-term memory affected cooperation. The shorter memory span was found to lead to more frequent cooperative behaviors. An agent whose short-term memory was restricted tended to cooperate more frequently than that whose short-term memory is not restricted at all. In the third experiment, we focused on the effects of penalty and probability of the revelation of defection on the cooperation, and getting insight into how punishment strategy should be used to get rid of social dilemmas and enhance cooperation. The defection (uncooperative behavior) decreased when the penalty to the defection was heavy and the probability of the revelation of defection was low than when the penalty to the defection was light and the probability of the revelation of the defection was high.

Keywords

social dilemma group heuristics experimental game theory cooperative behavior restriction of short-term memory punishment model 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Komorita, S.S., Parks, C.D.: Social Dilemmas. Westview Press (1996)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Axelrod, R.: The Evolution of Cooperation. Basic Books (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Axelrod, R.: The Complexity of Cooperation. Princeton University Press (1997)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Taylor, M.: The Possibility of Cooperation. Cambridge University Press (1987)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Murata, A.: Human error management paying emphasis on decision making and social intelligence –Beyond the framework of man-machine interface design. In: Proc. of Fourth International Workshop on Computational Intelligence & Applications, pp. 1–12 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jin, N., Yamagishi, T.: Group heuristics in social dilemma, Japanese Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. Japanese Journal of Social Psychology 12(3), 190–198 (1997)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atsuo Murata
    • 1
  • Saki Kubo
    • 1
  • Naoki Hata
    • 1
  • Takuma Kanagawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Natural Science and TechnologyOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan

Personalised recommendations