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Cochliobolus heterostrophus: A Dothideomycete Pathogen of Maize

  • Benjamin A. Horwitz
  • Bradford J. Condon
  • B. Gillian Turgeon
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 36)

Abstract

Cochliobolus heterostrophus is a foliar pathogen of maize, causing Southern Corn Leaf Blight. It is a necrotrophic pathogen that causes lesions on leaves and other aboveground organs of the plant. If the host is sensitive to the polyketide T-toxin produced by the pathogen, symptoms are severe, as manifested in major crop loss in the early 1970s. The genomes of several members of the genus have been sequenced and those of additional members of the class Dothideomycetes too. In this chapter, we review how C. heterostrophus has been studied as a model necrotroph, and what has been learned and can be learned in the future from the genome sequences. Among the subjects of detailed molecular genetic studies are signal transduction pathways, stress responses, and secondary metabolite production. Finally, we discuss this primarily aboveground pathogen in relation to soil biology.

Keywords

Botrytis Cinerea Joint Genome Institute Spot Blotch Nonribosomal Peptide Opposite Mating Type 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Research in our laboratories, including unpublished data shown in this chapter, was funded in part by USDA, BARD, and ISF. We thank Kent Loeffler (Cornell University) for superb photography and Maayan Duvshani-Eshet (Technion) for her assistance with confocal microscopy.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin A. Horwitz
    • 1
  • Bradford J. Condon
    • 2
  • B. Gillian Turgeon
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyTechnion – Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe BiologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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