Advertisement

Verification of the Minimum Illuminance for Comfortable Reading of an E-Paper

  • Takehito Kojima
  • Shunta Sano
  • Nobuhiro Ishio
  • Tatsuya Koizuka
  • Masaru Miyao
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8011)

Abstract

Various e-paper devices also have been released (e.g. Amazon’s Kindle DXTM), and their features include paper-like display and low power consumption. In our previous studies, in high light conditions, readability of the backlight LCD dropped significantly, because of the glare of the surrounding background. On the other hand, the readability of the electronic paper is increased, it was easy to read than backlit LCD. The e-paper that have low contrast ratio, evaluation of readability was low. In low light, the evaluation of the readability of the backlit LCD was high. The aim of this experiment was to verify the minimum illumination for comfortable reading with e-paper in low illumination (300 or less lx).

Keywords

e-paper backlight LCD minimum illumination readability evaluation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Amazon’s Original Wireless Reading Device (1st generation) Kindle Store, http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000FI73MA
  3. 3.
    Isono, H., Takahashi, S., Takiguchi, Y., Yamada, C.: Comparison of Visual Fatigue from Reading Between Electronic Paper and Conventional Paper, The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Technical Report of IECE. EID, 104(666), pp.9–12 (2005)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lee, D.S., Yeh, Y.Y.: Visual fatigue for using electronic paper displays. OIT Journal 27, 105–114 (2007)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kang, Y.Y., Wang, M.J.J., Lin, R.: Usability Evaluation of E-books. Displays 30, 49–52 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Omodani, M.: Electronic Paper(<Special Section>Flat Panel Displays). The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers 88(8), 659–665 (2005)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shen, I.-H., et al.: Lighting, font style, and polarity on visual performance and visual fatigue with electronic paper displays. Displays 30, 53–58 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Isono, H., Takahashi, S., Takiguchi, Y., Yamada, C.: Measurement of visual fatigue from reading on electronic paper. In: IDW 2004, pp. 1647–1648 (2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lee, D.-S., et al.: Effect of character size and lighting on legibility of electronic papers. Displays 29, 10–17 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shieh, K.K., Lee, D.-S.: Preferred viewing distance and screen angle of electronic paper displays. Applied Ergonomics 38, 601–608 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee, D.-S.: Effect of light source, ambient illumination, character size and interline spacing on visual performance and visual fatigue with electronic paper displays. Displays 32, 1–7 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Siegenthaler, E.: Reading on LCD vs e-Ink displays: effects on fatigue and visual strain. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics 32, 367–374 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dillon, A.: Reading from paper versus screens: a critical review of the empirical literature. Ergonomics 35(10), 1297–1326 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takehito Kojima
    • 1
  • Shunta Sano
    • 1
  • Nobuhiro Ishio
    • 2
  • Tatsuya Koizuka
    • 3
  • Masaru Miyao
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Information ScienceNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Miyao Laboratory CollaboratorNagoya UniversityJapan
  3. 3.School of EngineeringNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

Personalised recommendations