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Human Identification with Electroencephalogram (EEG) for the Future Network Security

  • Xu Huang
  • Salahiddin Altahat
  • Dat Tran
  • Li Shutao
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7873)

Abstract

Human identification becomes huge demand in particular for the security related areas, in particular for the network security. EEG signals are confidential and hard to imitate, since EEG signals are a reflection of individual-dependent inner mental tasks. Generally speaking, it has several advantages, such as (i) it is confidential as it corresponds to a mental task, (ii) it is very difficult to mimic and (iii) it is almost impossible to steal as the brain activity is sensitive to the stress and the mood of the person, an aggressor cannot force the person to reproduce his/her mental pass-phrase. In this paper we first proposed a novel algorithm to create a spatial pattern of EEG signals obtained from the open public database. In our EEG signal processing, we have analyzed 64-electrode EEG samples for two databases, one is for 45 people and calculate the equivalent root mean square (rms) values for each electrode signal over 1 second period, by which created a 64-value input for each subject. With this neural network (NN) model, our analysis clearly showed that our designed classifier is able to identify all the 45 people correctly (successful rate of 100%) with a mean square error of 2.0334(10− 7 and the same algorithm applying to the 2nd database with 116 out of 122 people can be fully identified (successful rate of 95.1%) with a mean square error value of 0.00186. We deeply believe that a low complexity, high resolution, effective and efficient is very attractive for the real life applications especially for network security in the foreseeable future.

Keywords

biometric nature security system neural network EEG signal processing 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu Huang
    • 1
  • Salahiddin Altahat
    • 1
  • Dat Tran
    • 1
  • Li Shutao
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Education Science Technology & MathematicsUniversity of CanberraCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.College of Electrical & information EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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