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Postoperative Komplikationen

  • Jörg Jerosch
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Die Operation zum Totalersatz eines Kniegelenkes stellt erst den Anfang in der Behandlung der zugrundeliegenden Kniegelenkerkrankung dar. Zur dauerhaften Sicherstellung des Erfolgs müssen gefährdende Komplikationen vermieden werden. Adäquate Wundversorgung, postoperative Analgesie, Verhütung einer tiefen Venenthrombose, postoperative Transfusionen und die Sicherung eines ausreichenden Bewegungsumfanges sind wichtige Fragen der Betreuung. Dieses Kapitel behandelt die Prävention von Komplikationen in der postoperativen Phase nach einem kniealloarthroplastischen Eingriff und die Probleme der postoperativen Schmerzkontrolle, des Blutverlustes, der Wundversorgung sowie der Mobilisierung. Allgemeines Ziel der postoperativen Behandlung eines Endoprothesenträgers ist es, Komplikationen weitgehend zu vermeiden und eine Rückkehr des Patienten zu einer allgemeinen Gesundheit mit der frühest- und bestmöglichen Funktion des ersetzten Kniegelenkes zu erreichen.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg Jerosch
    • 1
  1. 1.Klinik für Orthopädie und UnfallchirurgieJohanna-Etienne-HospitalNeussDeutschland

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