Advertisement

Techniken

  • D. Beckers

Zusammenfassung

Ziel der PNF-Techniken ist, die funktionelle Bewegung durch Fazilitation, Inhibition, Kräftigung und Entspannung von Muskelgruppen zu fördern. Hierzu werden konzentrische, exzentrische und statische Muskelkontraktionen eingesetzt. Sie werden mit einem sorgfältig abgestimmten Widerstand und geeigneten fazilitierenden Maßnahmen kombiniert.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Weiterführende Literatur

  1. Beradelli AM, Hallet JC, Rothwell R, Agostino M, Manfredi PD, Thompson CD, Marsden CD (1996) Single joint rapid arm movements in normal subjects and in patients with motor disorders. Brain 119: 661–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Kandell ER, Schwarte JH, Gesell TM (2000) Principles of Neural Science. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Markos PD (1979) Ipsilateral and contralateral effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques on hip motion and electromyographic activity. Phys Ther 59 (11): 1366–1373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Moore M, Kukulka C (1988) Depression of H reflexes following voluntary contraction. Phys Ther 68 (5): 862Google Scholar
  5. Rose-Jacobs R, Gilberti N (1984) Effect of PNF and Rood relaxation techniques on muscle length. Phys Ther 64 (5): 725Google Scholar
  6. Rothwell J (1994) Control of Human Voluntary Movement. Chapman and Hall, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Sady SP, Wortman M, Blanke D (1982) Flexibility training: ballistic, static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation? Arch Phys Med Rehab 63 (June): 261–263Google Scholar
  8. Sato A, Schmidt RF (1973) Somatosympathetic Reflexes: Afferent Fibers, Central Pathways, Discharge Characteristics. Physiological Reviews 53 (4): 916–947PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Tanigawa MC (1972) Comparison of the hold-relax procedure and passive mobilization on increasing muscle length. Phys Ther 52 (7): 725–735PubMedGoogle Scholar

Literatur

  1. Arai M et al. (2001) Effects of the use of cross-education to the affected side through various resistive exercises of the sound side and settings of the length of the affected muscles. Hiroshima J Med Sci (3): 65–73Google Scholar
  2. Bonnar BP, Deivert RG, Gould TE (2004) The relationship between isometric contraction durations during hold-relax stretching and improvement of hamstring flexibility. J Sports Med Phys Fitness (3): 258–261Google Scholar
  3. Carter AM, Kinzey SJ, Chitwood LF, Cole JL (2000) PNF decreases muscle activity during the stretch reflex in selected posterior thigh muscles. J Sport Rehab (9): 269–278Google Scholar
  4. Chalmers G (2004) Re-examination of the possible role of Golgi tendon organ and muscle spindle reflexes in proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation muscle stretching. Sports Biomechanics (1): 159–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cornelius WL, Jensen RL, Odell ME (1995) Effects of PNF stretching phases on acute arterial blood pressure. Can J Appl Physiol (2): 222–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davis DS, Ashby PE, McCale KL, McQuain JA, Wine JM (2005) The effectiveness of 3 stretching techniques on hamstring flexibility using consistent stretching parameters. J Strength Conditioning Res (1): 27–32Google Scholar
  7. Deccicco PV, Fisher FM (2005) The effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on shoulder range of motion in overhand athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness (2): 183–187Google Scholar
  8. Feland JB, Marin HN (2004) Effect of submaximal contraction intensity in contract-relax proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching. Br J Sports Med 38 (4)Google Scholar
  9. Ferber R, Gravelle DC, Osternig LR (2002) Effect of PNF stretch techniques on trained and untrained older adults. J Aging Phys Activity (10): 132–142Google Scholar
  10. Ferber R, Osternig LR, Gravelle DC (2002) Effect of PNF stretch techniques on knee flexor muscle EMG-activity in older adults. J Electromyography Kinesiol (12): 391–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Funk DC, Swank AM, Mikla BM, Fagan TA, Farr BK (2003) Impact of prior exercise on hamstring flexibility: a comparison of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and static stretching. J Strength Conditioning Res (3): 489–492Google Scholar
  12. Johnson G, Saliba V (1988), nicht publiziertGoogle Scholar
  13. Kabat H (1950) Studies on neuromuscular dysfunction, XII: Rhythmic Stabilization; a new and more effective technique for treatment of paralysis through a cerebellar mechanism. Perm Found Med Bull VIII (1): 9–19Google Scholar
  14. Klein-Vogelbach S (2000) Funktionelle Bewegungslehre. Lehren und Lernen 5. Aufl. Rehabilitation und Prävention 1. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Knott M, Voss DE (1956) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation: patterns and techniques. Harper and Row, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Knott M, Voss DE (1968) Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation: patterns and techniques. 2nd ed. Harper and Row, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Kofotolis N, Eleftherios K (2006) Effects of two 4-week PNF programs on muscle endurance, flexibility and functional performance in women with CLBP. Phys Ther (7): 1001–1012Google Scholar
  18. Marek SM et al. (2005) Acute effects of static and PNF stretching on muscle strength and power output. J Athletic Training (2): 94–103Google Scholar
  19. Moore MA, Kulkulka CG (1991) Depression of Hoffmann reflexes following voluntary contraction and implications for proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation therapy. Phys Ther (4): 321–329; discussion 329–333Google Scholar
  20. Olivo SA, Magee DJ (2006) Electromyographic assessment of the activity of the masticatory using the agonist contract – antagonist relax technique (AC) and contract – relax technique (CR). Manual Ther (2): 136–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rowlands AV, Marginson VF, Lee J (2003) Chronic flexibility gains: effect of isometric contraction duration during proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching techniques. Res Quart Exercise Sports (1): 47–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sarburg PR, Schrader JW (1997) Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Techniques in Sports Medicine: a reassessment. J Athletic Training (1): 34–39Google Scholar
  23. Schuback B, Hooper J, Salisburg L (2004) A comparison of a self stretch incorporating PNF components and a therapist applied PNF technique on hamstring flexibility. Physiother (3): 151–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sherrington C (1961) The integrative Action of the Nervous System. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  25. Sullivan P, Markos P, Minor M (1982) An Integrated Approach to Therapeutic Exercise. Reston Publishing Co, VirginiaGoogle Scholar
  26. Voss DE, Ionta M, Myers BT (1985) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, 3rd ed. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  27. Weerapong P, Hume PA, Kolt GS (2004) Stretching: mechanisms and benefits for sport performance and injury prevention. Phys Ther Rev (9): 189–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wenos DL, Konin JG (2004) Controlled warm-up intensity enhances hip range of motion. J Strength Conditioning Res (3): 529–533Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Beckers

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations