Superfluid Instability and Critical Velocity in Two and Three Dimensions

  • F. Piazza
  • L. A. Collins
  • A. Smerzi
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 177)


Using the mean-field GP equation, we study the dynamics of superfluid dilute Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) in the regime where the flow velocity reaches a critical value above which stationary currents are impossible. We present results for two- and three-dimensional BECs in two different geometries: a toroidal and a waveguide configuration, and also discuss the behavior of the critical current, or critical velocity, establishing a general criterion for the breakdown of stationary superfluid flows.


Vortex Ring Critical Velocity Vortex Core Vortex Line Instability Criterion 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INO-CNR, BEC Center and Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di TrentoPovoItaly
  2. 2.Theoretical DivisionLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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