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Ionophore-Based ISEs

  • Konstantin N. MikhelsonEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Chemistry book series (LNC, volume 81)

Abstract

This chapter describes ISEs with membranes based on ionophores. Ionophores are organic lipophilic substances which selectively bind ions. The nature of these interactions makes the basis of the potentiometric selectivity of ISEs with membranes containing ionophores. A large variety of ionophores enables selective sensing of various analytes, mostly ions but sometimes also neutral species. The fundamentals of the ionophore-based potentiometric and optical sensors, as well as brief characterization of a large number of ionophores, are presented in review papers [1, 2]. Although published more than a decade ago, these reviews remain highly relevant. Currently, most of the progress in ISEs theory and its applications is related to ionophore-based membranes. This makes these membranes, probably, the most important kind, and therefore, we start our in-depth discussion of ISEs with this particular kind of sensor membranes: ionophore-based electrodes.

Keywords

Association Constant Selectivity Coefficient Membrane Phase Complex Formation Constant Potentiometric Selectivity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ion-Selective Electrode LaboratorySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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