Considerations of the Affective Factors for Appreciating a Printed-Color Picture

  • Misako Yamagishi
  • Chiho Kubo
  • Kazuo Yamaba
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7786)


The appearance of a printed-color picture is determined by characteristics of the observer and the observing environment. This experimental study investigates the preferable appearance of a printed-color picture by using the semantic differential (SD) method under several lighting conditions (incandescent lamp, fluorescent lamps, and white light emitting diode (LED) lightings). This study examines the important affective factors of observing printed-color pictures in younger participants (approximately 20 years old) and elderly participants (over 65 years old). The results suggest that there are age-related differences in that the preferable appearance for younger participants consists of affective factors such as “naturalness” and “calmness,” while the preferable appearance for elderly participants consists of visual factors such as “easy to see” and “clarity.”


Appearance Aging Lighting condition White LED 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Misako Yamagishi
    • 1
  • Chiho Kubo
    • 2
  • Kazuo Yamaba
    • 3
  1. 1.National Center for Geriatrics and GerontologyAichiJapan
  2. 2.Toyoda Gosei Co., ltdAichiJapan
  3. 3.Nihon Fukushi UniversityAichiJapan

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