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Catalytic Properties of Nanorods

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Part of the NanoScience and Technology book series (NANO)

Abstract

In this chapter, we review some recent studies concerning heterogeneous catalysis based on nanocrystals of varied shapes that hold new promises for a wide range of reactions. Although conventionally micro- and nano-particles of nearly spherical (or irregularly) shaped materials have been used as catalysts for years, only the last few decades of extensive surface characterization of nano-catalyst surfaces (via high-resolution electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, various surface spectroscopy techniques and surface reconstruction techniques) has helped to understand the reasons behind specific reactivity, selectivity and reaction pathways on different crystal facets of various catalyst materials in a wide range of chemical reactions. Here we note that despite the shape dependence of nanocatalysts is not fully understood and often debated, the recent studies have started to draw clear correlations between morphology and catalytic activity in nanocrystals. Therefore, the exploitation of new nanoscale catalyst particles, in which the individual components have specific size, shape, and exposure of specific reactive surfaces, will renew this field of research and pave the way for more efficient catalytic systems.

Keywords

Methyl Orange Methanol Oxidation Spherical Nanoparticles Water Splitting Reaction Nanorods Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NanostructuresIstituto Italiano di TecnologiaGenovaItaly
  2. 2.NanochemistryIstituto Italiano di TecnologiaGenovaItaly
  3. 3.National Nanotechnology Laboratory (NNL)Nanoscience Institute of CNRLecceItaly
  4. 4.Departament de Química Inorgànica—Institut de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (IN2UB)Universitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

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