Australia: State Aid to Newspapers—Not a Priority

  • Franco PapandreaEmail author
  • Matthew Ricketson
Part of the Media Business and Innovation book series (MEDIA)


State subsidies for the production of newspapers have not been a major issue in the development of the Australian newspaper industry even though the industry has benefited from a variety of direct and indirect forms of government assistance during its 200-year history. Some of the measures sought to assist industry development while others sought to support access to a diversity of news and opinion. While the potential effects of heavy concentration of media ownership on the diversity of news and opinion have been a major preoccupation of Australian policymakers in recent decades, subsidies to the newspaper industry have rarely been an issue of public debate. Nonetheless, a consideration of support to news activities was included in the terms of reference of a federal government-initiated media inquiry in 2011. The inquiry’s report, however, stopped short of recommending newspaper subsidies but did acknowledge the difficulties facing the industry as it grapples with structural changes to the business model that has sustained it for many years.


Daily Newspaper Government Assistance Online Advertising Broadcasting Service Public Broadcasting Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. ABA–Australian Broadcasting Authority. (2002). Adequacy of local news and information programs on commercial television services in Regional Queensland, Northern NSW, Southern NSW and Regional Victoria (aggregated markets A, B, C and D), Inquiry Report. Sydney: ABA.Google Scholar
  2. ACMA – Australian Communication and Media Authority. (2011). Digital Australians—expectations about media in a converging media environment.
  3. ASTRA – Australia Subscription Television and Radio Association. (2012). Reaching Australians. Accessed January 6, 2013, from
  4. Australian Broadcasting Authority. (2004). Adequacy of local news and information programs on commercial television broadcasting services in regional and rural Australia. Sydney: ABA.Google Scholar
  5. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. (2011). History of ABC radio, online document. Accessed January 3, 2013, from
  6. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. (2012). Annual report 2012. Sydney: ABC. Accessed January 3, 2013, from
  7. Australian Broadcasting Corporation – ABC. (2013, February 7). ABC News gets $10m funding boost, ABC News. Accessed February 12, 2013, from
  8. Broadcasting Services Act. (1992). Australian Government, Comlaw. Accessed April 5, from
  9. CEASA – Commercial Economic Advisory Service of Australia. (2012 and earlier years). Advertising expenditure in main media. St. Leonards: CEASA.Google Scholar
  10. Community Broadcasting Foundation. (2012). Annual report 2011/12. Accessed January 7, 2013, from
  11. Duffy, M. (M.P., the Hon.). (1987, April 29). Second reading speech, House of representatives debates. Accessed March 3, 2013, from;query=Id%3A%22chamber%2Fhansardr%2F1987-04-29%2F0084%22
  12. Dyer, G. (2013). No gain – but plenty of pain. The Walkley magazine, 74 (December 2012–January 2013), 10–11.Google Scholar
  13. Fairfax Media. (2012). Annual report 2012. Sydney: Fairfax Limited.Google Scholar
  14. Finkelstein, R. (assisted by M. Ricketson) (2012). Report of the independent inquiry into media and media regulation. Commonwealth of Australia. Accessed January 4, 2013, from
  15. Flynn, J. (2008). Locally significant content on regional television. Master of Arts (Research) thesis, Queensland University of Technology. Accessed January 20, 2013, from
  16. Goldman Sachs. (2013, January 31). Australia: Media. Equity research. Australia: Goldman Sachs Australia Pty Ltd. Accessed March 3, 2013, from Google Scholar
  17. Goot, M. (1979). Newspaper circulation in Australia 19321977 (Media Centre Papers No. 11). La Trobe University.Google Scholar
  18. Griffen-Foley, B. (2005). Before the parrot: TheNews Commentatoron Australian commercial radio. Paper presented at Australian media traditions conference, University of Canberra, 24–25 November. Accessed January 3, 2013, from
  19. Guide to Australian Newspapers. (2012). Online directory of newspapers. Accessed January 5, 2013, from
  20. Joint Parliamentary Committee on Wireless Broadcasting. (1942). Report on wireless broadcasting (W. G. Gibson, Chairman). Canberra: Government Printing OfficeGoogle Scholar
  21. Kirkpatrick, R. (2000). Chronic circulation decline: Regional dailies succumb to metropolitan virus. Australian Studies in Journalism, 9, 75–105.Google Scholar
  22. Kirkpatrick, R. (2012). Press timeline: Select chronology of significant Australian press events to 2011. Compiled by for the Australian Newspaper History Group (3rd ed.). Accessed January 4, 2013, from
  23. Mayer, H. (1964). The press in Australia. Melbourne: Lansdowne Press.Google Scholar
  24. McDonald, T., & Morling, S. (2011). The Australian economy and the global downturn Part 1: Reasons for resilience. Economic roundup (Issue 2). The Treasury. Canberra: Australian Government.Google Scholar
  25. National Library of Australia. (1999). A window on to the world: Australian newspaper collecting in the National Library of Australia. Canberra: NLA. Accessed January 8, 2013, from Google Scholar
  26. Nielsen Media Research. (2011, December). Nielsen online ratings, Current Events and Global News (sub category). In The Newspaper Works (2012). The 2011 State of Australian Newspapers: January 2012 Update. Accessed January 13, 2013, from
  27. Papandrea, F. (2006). Media diversity and cross-media regulation. Prometheus, 24(3), 301–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Putnis, P. (1999). The press cable monopoly 1895–1909: A case study of Australian Media Policy development. Media International Australia, 90, 139–155.Google Scholar
  29. PwC. (2012). Outlook: Australian entertainment & media, 2012–2016. Sydney: PwC.Google Scholar
  30. Roy Morgan Research. (2012, March 6). Online delivers net readership increases for newspaper brands (Article No. 1595). Roy Morgan Single Source, January 2006–December 2011 (n = 320,974). Accessed January 13, 2013, from
  31. Special Broadcasting Service. (2012). Annual report 20112012. Sydney: SBS. Accessed January 13, 2013, from
  32. Windschuttle, K. (1985). The media. Australia: Penguin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and DesignUniversity of CanberraBruceAustralia

Personalised recommendations