Press Governance: A New Concept for Analyzing Press Regulation

  • Manuel PuppisEmail author
Part of the Media Business and Innovation book series (MEDIA)


For several years now, the term governance enjoys great popularity among researchers and practitioners alike (Benz 2004; Bevir 2009; Kersbergen and Waarden 2004; Kooiman 2003; Mayntz 2004; Pierre and Peters 2000; Rhodes 1996; Schuppert 2005; Treib et al. 2007). Communication scholars use the term media governance in order to describe changes in policy-making and regulation in the media sector. Given societal and media change, they call for regulatory reforms such as implementing self- and co-regulation, strengthening citizen participation or developing processes of informal decision-making in (global) networks [for a detailed discussion, see, for example, the special issue of Communication, Culture and Critique, edited by d’Haenens et al. (2010), or Donges (2007a)].


Corporate Governance Media Sector Ownership Concentration Regulatory Reform Editorial Standard 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Arrese, Á. (2005). Corporate governance and news governance in economic and financial media. In R. G. Picard (Ed.), Corporate governance of media companies (pp. 77–125). Jönköping: Jönköping International Business School. Accessed December 7, 2012, from Scholar
  2. Bachrach, P., & Baratz, M. S. (1962). Two faces of power. The American Political Science Review, 56(4), 947–952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baldwin, R., & Cave, M. (1999). Understanding regulation. Theory, strategy, and practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Beck, K. (2001). Medienberichterstattung über Medienkonzentration. Journalistische Strategien am Fallbeispiel der Fusion von AOL und Time Warner. Publizistik, 46(4), 403–424.Google Scholar
  5. Benz, A. (2004). Einleitung: Governance – Modebegriff oder nützliches sozialwissenschaftliches Konzept? In A. Benz (Ed.), Governance – Regieren in komplexen Regelsystemen. Eine Einführung (pp. 11–28). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benz, A., Lütz, S., Schimank, U., & Simonis, G. (2007). Einleitung. In A. Benz, S. Lütz, U. Schimank, & G. Simonis (Eds.), Handbuch Governance Theoretische Grundlagen und empirische Anwendungsfelder (pp. 9–25). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  7. Bevir, M. (2009). Key concepts in governance. Los Angeles/London/New Delhi/Singapore/Washington: Sage.Google Scholar
  8. Black, J. (1996). Constitutionalising self-regulation. The Modern Law Review, 59(1), 24–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Black, J. (2001). Decentring regulation: Understanding the role of regulation and self-regulation in a “Post-Regulatory” world. In M. Freeman (Ed.), Current legal problems (pp. 103–146). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Black, J. (2002). Critical reflections on regulation (Discussion Paper Vol. 4). Accessed December 7, 2012, from
  11. Cuilenburg, J., & McQuail, D. (2003). Media policy paradigm shifts. Towards a new communications policy paradigm. European Journal of Communication, 18(2), 181–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Curran, J. (2010). The future of journalism. Journalism Studies, 11(4), 464–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. d’Haenens, L., Mansell, R., & Sarikakis, K. (Eds.). (2010). Media governance: New policies for changing media landscape [Special Issue]. Communication, Culture and Critique, 3(2).Google Scholar
  14. Donges, P. (Ed.). (2007a). Von der Medienpolitik zur media governance? Köln: Halem Verlag.Google Scholar
  15. Donges, P. (2007b). The new institutionalism as a theoretical foundation of media governance. Communications, 32(3), 325–330.Google Scholar
  16. Downie, L., & Schudson, M. (2009). The reconstruction of American journalism. Columbia Journalism Review, 48(4), 28–51.Google Scholar
  17. Doyle, G. (2002). Understanding media economics. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  18. Dyson, K., & Humphreys, P. (1989). Deregulating broadcasting. The West European experience. European Journal of Political Research, 17(2), 137–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Edelman, L. B., & Suchman, M. C. (1997). The legal environments of organizations. Annual Review of Sociology, 23, 479–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fielden, L. (2012). Regulating the press. A comparative study of international press councils. Oxford: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. Accessed December 30, 2012, from Scholar
  21. Franklin, B. (2010). Introduction. Journalism Studies, 11(4), 442–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Freedman, D. (2008). The politics of media policy. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  23. Freedman, D. (2010). Media policy silences: The hidden face of communications decision making. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 15(3), 344–361. doi: 10.1177/1940161210368292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gilens, M., & Hertzman, C. (2000). Corporate ownership and news bias: Newspaper coverage of the 1996 telecommunications act. The Journal of Politics, 62(2), 369–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Goodrick, E., & Salancik, G. R. (1996). Organizational discretion in responding to institutional practices: Hospitals and Cesarean births. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41(1), 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Goodstein, J. D. (1994). Institutional pressures and strategic responsiveness: Employer involvement in work-family issues. The Academy of Management Journal, 37(2), 350–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gunningham, N., & Rees, J. (1997). Industry self-regulation: An institutional perspective. Law and Policy, 19(4), 363–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hans-Bredow-Institute (HBI), & Institute of European Media Law (EMR). (2006). Study on co-regulation measures in the media sector. Final Report. Accessed December 7, 2012, from
  29. Herkman, J. (2004). Media ownership and content: Corporatization of the Finnish Media in 1990s. Accessed December 7, 2012, from
  30. Holtz-Bacha, C. (1994). Presseförderung im westeuropäischen Vergleich. In P. A. Bruck (Ed.), Medienmanager Staat. Von den Versuchen des Staates, Medienvielfalt zu ermöglichen Medienpolitik im internationalen Vergleich (Vol. 1, pp. 443–567). München: Fischer.Google Scholar
  31. Humphreys, P. (1996). Mass media and media policy in Western Europe. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Jarren, O., Künzler, M., & Puppis, M. (Eds.). (2012). Medienwandel oder Medienkrise? Folgen für Medienstrukturen und ihre Erforschung (Medienstrukturen) (Vol. 1). Baden-Baden: Nomos.Google Scholar
  33. Jarren, O., Weber, R. H., Donges, P., Dörr, B., Künzler, M., & Puppis, M. (2002). Rundfunkregulierung. Leitbilder, Modelle und Erfahrungen im internationalen Vergleich. Eine sozial- und rechtswissenschaftliche Analyse. Zürich: Seismo.Google Scholar
  34. Keane, J. (1991). The media and democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  35. Kemner, B., Scherer, H., & Weinacht, S. (2008). Unter der Tarnkappe. Der Einsatz “volatiler Themen” und “opportuner Zeugen” in der Berichterstattung zum Übernahmeversuch der ProSiebenSat.1 Media AG durch den Springer-Verlag. Publizistik, 53(1), 65–84.Google Scholar
  36. Kepplinger, H. M. (2000). Das Interesse der Allgemeinheit und die Eigeninteressen der Medien. Zeitschrift für Rechtspolitik, 33(4), 134–138.Google Scholar
  37. Kersbergen, K., & Waarden, F. (2004). “Governance” as a bridge between disciplines: Cross-disciplinary inspiration regarding shifts in governance and problems of governability, accountability and legitimacy. European Journal of Political Research, 43(2), 143–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Kohler-Koch, B. (1996). Catching up with change: The transformation of governance in the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy, 3(3), 359–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kooiman, J. (2003). Governing as governance. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  40. Künzler, M. (2007). The state as a key success factor for self-regulation? Empirical evidence in brief. Communications, 32(3), 349–355.Google Scholar
  41. Lanahan, L. (2008). Secrets of the city. What “The Wire” reveals about urban journalism. Columbia Journalism Review, 46(5), 22–31.Google Scholar
  42. Lange, S., & Schimank, U. (2004). Governance und gesellschaftliche Integration. In S. Lange & U. Schimank (Eds.), Governance und gesellschaftliche Integration (pp. 17–44). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Latzer, M. (2007). Regulatory choices in communication governance. Communications, 32(3), 343–349.Google Scholar
  44. Latzer, M., Just, N., Saurwein, F., & Slominski, P. (2002). Selbst- und Ko-Regulierung im Mediamatiksektor. Alternative Regulierungsformen zwischen Staat und Markt. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Lowe, G. F., & Bardoel, J. (Eds.). (2008). From public service broadcasting to public service media. Göteborg: Nordicom.Google Scholar
  46. Mayntz, R. (2004). Governance im modernen Staat. In A. Benz (Ed.), Governance – Regieren in komplexen Regelsystemen. Eine Einführung (pp. 65–76). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Mayntz, R. (2005). Governance theory als fortentwickelte Steuerungstheorie? In G. F. Schuppert (Ed.), Governance-Forschung Vergewisserung über Stand und Entwicklungslinien (pp. 11–20). Baden-Baden: Nomos.Google Scholar
  48. McChesney, R. W. (2008). The political economy of the media. Enduring issues, emerging dilemmas. New York, NY: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  49. McChesney, R., & Nichols, J. (2010). The death and life of American Journalism: The media revolution that will begin the world again. New York, NY: Nation Books.Google Scholar
  50. McChesney, R., & Pickard, V. (2011). Will the last reporter please turn out the lights: The collapse of journalism and what can be done to fix it. New York, NY: The New Press.Google Scholar
  51. McQuail, D. (2005). McQuail’s mass communication theory (5th ed.). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  52. Meier, H. E. (2007). Urheberrechte als Governance-Problem. Erklärungsbeitrag und -defizite der Governance-Forschung. In P. Donges (Ed.), Von der Medienpolitik zur Media Governance? (pp. 216–232). Köln: HalemGoogle Scholar
  53. Meier, W. A. (2012). Öffentlich und staatlich finanzierte Medien aus schweizerischer Sicht. In O. Jarren, M. Künzler & M. Puppis (Eds.), Medienwandel oder Medienkrise? Folgen für Medienstrukturen und ihre Erforschung (Medienstrukturen, Vol. 1, pp. 127–143). Baden-Baden: NomosGoogle Scholar
  54. Meier, W. A., Bonfadelli, H., & Trappel, J. (Eds.) (2012). Gehen den Leuchttürmen die Lichter aus? Was aus den Schweizer Leitmedien wird (Swiss: Forschung und Wissenschaft, Vol. 8). Münster: Lit VerlagGoogle Scholar
  55. Nichols, J., & McChesney, R. W. (2009, March 18). The death and life of Great American Newspapers. The Nation. Accessed December 7, 2012, from
  56. Ó Siochrú, S., & Girard, B. (2002). Global media governance. A beginner’s guide. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  57. Oliver, C. (1991). Strategic responses to institutional processes. The Academy of Management Review, 16(1), 145–179.Google Scholar
  58. Pierre, J., & Peters, B. G. (2000). Governance, politics and the state. Houndmills: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  59. Pratte, A., & Whiting, G. (1986). What newspaper editorials have said about deregulation of broadcasting. Journalism Quarterly, 63(3), 497–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Puppis, M. (2007). Media governance as a horizontal extension of media regulation: The importance of self- and co-regulation. Communications, 32(3), 330–336.Google Scholar
  61. Puppis, M. (2009). Organisationen der Medienselbstregulierung. Europäische Presseräte im Vergleich. Köln: Herbert von Halem Verlag.Google Scholar
  62. Puppis, M. (2010a). Media governance: A new concept for the analysis of media policy and regulation. Communication, Culture and Critique, 3(2), 134–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Puppis, M. (2010b). Einführung in die Medienpolitik (2nd ed.). Konstanz: UVK.Google Scholar
  64. Puppis, M. (2012). Öffentliche Finanzierung als Antwort auf die Medienkrise? In W. A. Meier, H. Bonfadelli, & J. Trappel (Eds.), Gehen in den Leuchttürmen die Lichter aus? Was aus den Schweizer Leitmedien wird (Swiss: Forschung und Wissenschaft, Vol. 8, pp. 297–312). Münster: Lit VerlagGoogle Scholar
  65. Puppis, M., Broughton-Micova, S., & Tambini, D. (2012). Reforming the PCC: Lessons from abroad (LSE Media Policy Brief, Vol. 6). Accessed December 30, 2012, from
  66. Rhodes, R. A. W. (1996). The new governance: Governing without government. Political Studies, 44(4), 652–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Rosenau, J. N. (1992). Governance, order, and change in world politics. In J. N. Rosenau & E.-O. Czempiel (Eds.), Governance without government: Order and change in world politics (pp. 1–29). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Schulz, W., & Held, T. (2004). Regulated self-regulation as a form of modern government. An analysis of case studies from media and telecommunications law. Eastleigh: John Libbey.Google Scholar
  69. Schuppert, G. F. (Ed.). (2005). Governance-Forschung. Vergewisserung über Stand und Entwicklungslinien. Baden-Baden: Nomos.Google Scholar
  70. Simon, D. (2009). Build the wall. Columbia Journalism Review, 48(2), 36–40.Google Scholar
  71. Snider, J. H., & Page, B. (1997, April). Does media ownership affect media stands? The case of the telecommunications Act of 1996. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, EvanstonGoogle Scholar
  72. Suchman, M. C., & Edelman, L. B. (1996). Legal rational myths: The new institutionalism and the law and society tradition. Law and Social Inquiry, 21(4), 903–941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Tambini, D., Leonardi, D., & Marsden, C. (2008). Codifying cyberspace. Communications self-regulation in the age of internet convergence. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  74. Treib, O., Bähr, H., & Falkner, G. (2007). Modes of governance: Towards a conceptual clarification. Journal of European Public Policy, 14(1), 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Turow, J. (1994). Hidden conflicts and journalistic norms: The case of self-coverage. Journal of Communication, 44(2), 29–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Weiß, H.-J. (1986). Rundfunkinteressen und Pressejournalismus. Abschließende Analysen und Anmerkungen zu zwei inhaltsanalytischen Zeitungsstudien. Media Perspektiven, 2, 53–73.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mass Media and Communication ResearchUniversity of FribourgFribourgSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations