Sweden: State Support to Newspapers in Transition

  • Mart OtsEmail author
Part of the Media Business and Innovation book series (MEDIA)


Newspapers in Sweden have traditionally held a strong position in the media landscape. They have long been in the centre of public debate and stood out as dominant sources of local and regional news coverage in the country. Readership figures are still among the highest in the world, and until the 1990s, when the audiovisual sector was deregulated, the newspaper industry enjoyed an unrivalled position also on the advertising market. However, during the last decade, the shift has been dramatic. Competition from commercial Internet and TV companies has since cut deep into the newspaper advertising market share, and circulation figures dropped relentlessly year by year.


Press Investigation Ownership Concentration Newspaper Title Newspaper Company Distribution Support 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bardoel, J. (2002). The internet, journalism and public communication policies. International Communication Gazette, 64(5), 501–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bardoel, J. (2009). Conditions for a new communications policy. In Press and press support in a digital age (pp. 48–53). The Hague: The Netherlands Press Fund.Google Scholar
  3. Curran, J., Iyengar, S., Lund, A. B., & Salovaara-Moring, I. (2009). Media system, public knowledge and democracy: A comparative study. European Journal of Communication, 24(1), 5–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dir. (2011). Översyn av det statliga stödet till dagspressen [Overhaul of state support to daily newspapers]. Committee directives 2011:112. Stockholm: Ministry of Culture.Google Scholar
  5. Ds, U. (1985: 2). Effektivare presstöd [A more efficient press subsidy scheme]. Report from the 5th Swedish press investigation, Ministerial memorandum. Ministry of Education. Stockholm: Liber.Google Scholar
  6. Färdigh, M. A. (2008). Mediesystem i Europa: En studie av de europeiska ländernas mediesystem utifrån ett användarperspektiv. Göteborg: Institutionen för Journalistik och Masskommunikation, Göteborgs Universitet.Google Scholar
  7. Furhoff, L. (1964). Tidningsdöden och dess bakgrund [The newspaper mortality and its background]. 1963 års pressutredning [The press investigation 1963].Google Scholar
  8. Gibbons, T. (1998). Regulating the media (Modern legal studies, 2nd ed.). London: Sweet & Maxwell.Google Scholar
  9. Gustafsson, K. E. (2007). The market consequences of Swedish press subsidies. Analysis commissioned by the Swedish Ministry of Culture. Stockholm: Ministry of Culture.Google Scholar
  10. Gustafsson, K. E. (2010a). Bloc-building in the Swedish newspaper industry since its beginnings. In O. Hultén, S. Tjernström, & S. Melesko (Eds.), Media mergers and the defence of pluralism (pp. 75–82). Göteborg: Nordicom.Google Scholar
  11. Gustafsson, K. E. (2010b). Historien om branschanalysen “Dagspressens ekonomi”. In B. Þorbjörn, U. Kivikuru, B. Tufte, L. Weibull, & H. Østbye (Eds.), The nordic countries and the world: Perspectives from research on media and communication: A book for Ulla Carlsson (Vol. 61, pp. 271–280). Göteborg: Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation, Göteborgs universitet.Google Scholar
  12. Gustafsson, K. E. (2012). Dagspressens ekonomi 1976–2010: En rapport on presstödsnämndens externa räkenskapsanalyser [The economy of the daily press 1976–2010: A report on the financial analyses conducted by the Swedish Press Subsidies Council]. Stockholm: Presstödsnämnden.Google Scholar
  13. Gustafsson, K. E., Örnebring, H., & Levy, D. A. (2009). Press subsidies and local news. Oxford: Reuters Institute of Journalism.Google Scholar
  14. Hallin, D. C., & Mancini, P. (2004). Comparing media systems: Three models of media and politics (Communication, society, and politics). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hedström, T., Ekman, J., Minnhagen, C., & Höiseth, E. (2012). Svensk reklammarknad 2011 [The Swedish advertising market 2011]. Stockholm: IRM – Institutet för reklam- och mediestatistik.Google Scholar
  16. Humphries, P. (2006). Press subsidies in the context of the information society. Historical perspective, modalities, concept and justification. In I. F. Alonso, M. d. Moragas, J. J. B. Gil, & N. Almiron (Eds.), Press subsidies in Europe (pp. 38–55). Barcelona: Generalitat de Catalunya.Google Scholar
  17. Humphries, P. (2009). Press subsidy modalities and justifications. In Press and press support in a digital age (pp. 25–38). The Hague: The Netherlands Press Fund.Google Scholar
  18. IP/09/940. (2009). State aid: Commission proposes appropriate measures to bring Swedish press aid into line with Single Market. In Published by the Commission of the European Communities (Ed.), State aid: Commission proposes appropriate measures to bring Swedish press aid into line with Single Market. Accessed February 3, 2013, from
  19. Jauert, P. (2010). Media landscape: Denmark. Accessed September 6, 2012, from
  20. Jönsson, A. M., & Strömbäck, J. (2007). TV-journalistik i konkurrensens tid: nyhets-och samhällsprogram i svensk TV 1990–2004. Stockholm: Ekerlid.Google Scholar
  21. KRFS (2011:2). Presstödsnämndens föreskrifter om presstöd. Kulturrådets författningsamling [Directives to the press subsidy council regarding press subsidies. Policy directives from the Swedish Arts Council].Google Scholar
  22. McQuail, D. (2009). The case for press support revisited. In Press and press support in a digital age (pp. 39–47). The Hague: The Netherlands Press Fund.Google Scholar
  23. Murschetz, P. (1998). State support for the daily press in Europe: A critical appraisal: Austria, France, Norway and Sweden compared. European Journal of Communication, 13(3), 291–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nielsen, R. K., & Linnebank, G. (2011). Public support for the media: A six-country overview of direct and indirect subsidies. Oxford: Reuters Institute of Journalism.Google Scholar
  25. Nord, L. (2008). Medier utan politik: en studie av de svenska riksdagspartiernas syn på press, radio och TV [Media without policy: A study of the Swedish parliament parties’ views on the press, radio and TV]. Stockholm: Santérus.Google Scholar
  26. Nordicom. (2012). Newspaper Statistics.
  27. Olsson, J., Enström, O., McKenzie, S., & Sandén, P. (2012). Dagspressens ekonomi 2011 [The economy of the daily press 2011]. Stockholm: Presstödsnämnden.Google Scholar
  28. Østbye, H., & de Bens, E. (1998). The European newspaper market. In D. McQuail & K. Siune (Eds.), Media policy: Convergence, concentration & commerce (pp. 7–22). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  29. Ots, M. (2006). Samarbete och strukturaffärer på tvåtidningsorter [Structural adjustments and collaborations in communities with two papers]. In SOU 2006:8 (Ed.), Mångfald och räckvidd: Slutbetänkande av presskommittén (pp. 545–623). Stockholm: Fritzes.Google Scholar
  30. Ots, M. (2009). Efficient servants of pluralism or marginalized media policy tools? The case of Swedish press subsidies. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 33(4), 376–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ots, M. (2011). Tvåtidningsorterna. In K. E. Gustafsson, J. Olsson, K. Rohdin, & P. Sandén (Eds.), Dagspressens ekonomi 2010. Stockholm: Presstödsnämnden.Google Scholar
  32. Ots, M. (2012a). Competition, collaboration and cooperation: Swedish provincial newspaper markets in transition. Journal of Media Business Studies, 9(2), 43–63.Google Scholar
  33. Ots, M. (2012b). Mediernas ekonomiska villkor [The economic conditions of the media]. In L. Nord & J. Strömbäck (Eds.), Medierna och demokratin [Media and democracy] (pp. 117–148). Lund: Studentlitteratur.Google Scholar
  34. Picard, R. G. (2003). Press support and company performance, The Swedish case. In U. Carlsson (Ed.), Pennan, Penningen, Politiken. Medier och medieföretag. Göteborg: Nordicom.Google Scholar
  35. Prop. (1971: 27). Kungl. Maj:ts proposition angående stöd till dagspressen [His Royal Highness’ parliamentary proposition regarding support to the daily press 1971:27].Google Scholar
  36. Tidningsstatistik AB. (2012). Newspaper Statistics.
  37. SFS. (1990: 524). Statute of annual press subsidies. Swedish Code of Statutes 1990:524.Google Scholar
  38. SFS. (2007:1191). Statute of instruction to the Press Subsidies Council, Swedish Code of Statutes 2007:1191.Google Scholar
  39. SFS. (2010: 1119). Förordning om ändring i presstödsförordningen (1990:524) [Statute of change to the statute of annual press subsides 1990:524]. Swedish Code of Statutes 2010:1119.Google Scholar
  40. Skogerbø, E. (1997). Press subsidy system in Norway, controversial past – Unpredictable future? European Journal of Communication, 12(1), 99–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. SOU. (1965: 22). Dagstidningarnas ekonomiska villkor. Betänkande av pressutredningen [Official report of the Swedish government 1965:22. The economic conditions of the daily press. Report from the press investigation].Google Scholar
  42. SOU. (1968: 48). Dagspressens situation. Slutbetänkande för 1967 års pressutredning [Official report of the Swedish government 1968:48. The state of the press. Final report from the press investigation 1967].Google Scholar
  43. SOU. (1975: 79). Svensk press. Statlig presspolitik. Slutbetänkande för 1972 års pressutredning [Official report of the Swedish government 1975:79. Swedish press. Final report from the press investigation 1972].Google Scholar
  44. SOU. (1988: 48). Reformerat presstöd [Official report of the Swedish government 1988:48. A reformed press support].Google Scholar
  45. SOU. (1997: 53). Reklamskatteutredningen [Official report of the Swedish government 1997:53. The advertising tax investigation].Google Scholar
  46. Weibull, L. (1995). Media markets and media diversity. In K. E. Gustafsson (Ed.), Media structure and the state: Concepts, issues, measures (pp. 149–170). Göteborg: School of Economics and Commercial Law.Google Scholar
  47. Weibull, L. (2008). The Northern European/Democratic corporatist countries: Introduction. In G. Terzis (Ed.), European media governance: National and regional dimensions (pp. 55–62). Bristol: Intellect.Google Scholar
  48. Weibull, L., & Anshelm, M. (1991). Signs of change: Swedish media in transition. Nordicom Review, 2, 37–63.Google Scholar
  49. World Association of Newspapers. (2012). World press trends 2011. Paris: FIEJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Media Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC), Jönköping International Business SchoolJönköping UniversityJönköpingSweden

Personalised recommendations