Conclusions and Perspectives
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The dismantling and recycling of end-of-life ships is carried out primarily in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China and Turkey, with only the latter two providing—relatively—reliable standards in terms of safety measures and/or environmental protection. Therefore, although the ship recycling industry offers jobs to thousands of the poorest labourers and constitutes a major source of second-hand resources such as recycled steel, this does not mitigate the damage it causes. The detriment encompasses, inter alia, illnesses such as particular forms of lung cancer, damage to human health resulting from high accident rates and irreparable devastation of South Asian beaches.