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Control of Auxin Transport by Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species

  • María Fernández-Marcos
  • Luis Sanz
  • Daniel R. Lewis
  • Gloria K. Muday
  • Oscar LorenzoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Signaling and Communication in Plants book series (SIGCOMM, volume 17)

Abstract

Auxin transport is a central process in plant growth and development and as a result is highly regulated. The amount and direction of auxin transport is defined by a set of auxin influx and efflux carriers with precise localization that lead to long-distance polar auxin transport. These auxin transport proteins are regulated by transcriptional and posttranslational mechanisms and through protein-targeting machinery that directs them to the appropriate plasma membrane location. A variety of signals initiate regulatory changes in the abundance, activity, or localization of these proteins, with plant hormones, light, and other environmental signaling implicated in this process. Recent evidence indicates that changing levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) may also fine-tune the activity or synthesis of these proteins. This insight has been obtained by using mutants or treatments that alter the levels of ROS or RNS and demonstration of changing auxin transport and abundance of transport proteins. The molecular mechanisms by which ROS and RNS lead to changes in auxin transport are not yet clear but likely include changes in protein synthesis and abundance. This chapter briefly introduces the key proteins and antioxidant molecules that control the levels of ROS and RNS and focuses on the evidence linking these changes to altered auxin transport.

Keywords

Reactive Oxygen Species Nitric Oxide Auxin Transport Reactive Nitrogen Species Adventitious Root Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

Research in the Lorenzo laboratory is financed by grants BIO2011-26940, CSD2007-00057 (TRANSPLANTA) from the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Spain) and SA048A10-2 from Junta de Castilla y León. L.S. is supported by a Marie Curie European Reintegration Grant (FP7-PEOPLE-ERG-2008). We acknowledge grants from the National Science Foundation Arabidopsis 2010 program (IOB-0820717) and United States Department of Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (2009-65116-20436) to GKM.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Fernández-Marcos
    • 1
  • Luis Sanz
    • 1
  • Daniel R. Lewis
    • 2
  • Gloria K. Muday
    • 2
  • Oscar Lorenzo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Departmento de Fisiología VegetalCentro Hispano-Luso de Investigaciones Agrarias (CIALE). Facultad de Biología. Universidad de SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  2. 2.Department of BiologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

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