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Polar Auxin Transport Regulation in Plant–Microbe Interactions

  • Liang Pin Jason Ng
  • Giel E. van Noorden
  • Ulrike MathesiusEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Signaling and Communication in Plants book series (SIGCOMM, volume 17)

Abstract

Both symbiotic and pathogenic microorganisms can alter the growth and development of plant hosts. The phytohormone auxin controls cell division, cell enlargement, and organogenesis and is thus a likely target for microorganisms that manipulate plants. Some microorganisms can synthesize auxin in the rhizosphere. Others synthesize specific signals that indirectly alter the plant auxin accumulation by altering auxin transport. This chapter highlights those plant–microorganism interactions in which auxin transport is targeted by symbionts and pathogens to manipulate the development of their plant host. The mechanism of auxin transport regulation by microorganisms is largely unknown, but possible mechanisms that have been studied in model organisms include the induction of plant flavonoids that indirectly alter auxin transport during nodulation and the direct targeting of auxin transporters by nematode effectors.

Keywords

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Auxin Transport Auxin Response Polar Auxin Transport Auxin Transport Inhibitor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Australian Research Council (ARC) for funding through a Future Fellowship (FT100100669) to UM and an ARC Discovery Grant (DP120102970).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liang Pin Jason Ng
    • 1
  • Giel E. van Noorden
    • 1
  • Ulrike Mathesius
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Plant Science Department, Research School of BiologyAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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