The Boar Ejaculate: Sperm Function and Seminal Plasma Analyses

  • Sílvia SanchoEmail author
  • Ingrid Vilagran


A complete study of the boar ejaculate includes both routine sperm quality analysis and complementary tests of sperm function. Rigorous monitoring of both steps permits the fertilising ability of a given ejaculate to be predicted as accurately as possible. With regard to quality analysis and after successfully carrying out a macroscopic inspection of semen (volume, temperature, pH and osmolality), the technician proceeds with a microscope analysis that includes the study of the following relevant semen parameters: concentration, motility, morphology, plasma membrane integrity and osmotic resistance of spermatozoa. This chapter also reviews those tests that assess additional features of the sperm cell, such as its capacitation status, its nuclear integrity and that of its membranes, and also provides information on in vitro fertility assays as estimators of in vivo sperm fertility. Finally, the chapter outlines the main components of seminal plasma and the most important methods in their study.


Sperm Cell Sperm Motility Seminal Plasma Zona Pellucida Sperm Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biotechnology of Animal and Human Reproduction (TechnoSperm), Department of BiologyInstitute of Food and Agricultural Technology, University of GironaGironaSpain

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