Quality Improvement of Boar Seminal Doses

  • E. BussalleuEmail author
  • E. Torner


The implementation of artificial insemination techniques (AI) has been a turning point in the swine industry. To prepare doses for AI, semen must be collected by following a serial procedure involving high hygiene measures handling in order to minimise microbiological risk. One of these practices is the inclusion of antibiotics in the extenders, the aqueous media used for packing seminal doses that contain elements for assuring the survival of sperm cells for a short or long time period. However, a certain degree of microbial contamination cannot always be prevented, and in this case sperm quality and sanity standards of AI are better preserved if, prior to selling or freezing the doses, microbes are removed by applying methodologies, such as sperm filtration and sperm washing. Additionally, the demand for doses with a high ratio of X- or Y-bearing sperm is increasing due to the particular structure of commercial pig production; hence, it is also necessary to optimise current sex-deviation techniques. All these topics will be fully discussed in the present chapter.


Sperm Cell Seminal Plasma Artificial Insemination Sperm Quality African Swine Fever Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biotechnology of Animal and Human Reproduction (Technosperm), Department of BiologyInstitute of Food and Agricultural Technology, University of Girona, Campus MontiliviGironaSpain

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