Extended Mind: Is There Anything at All to Be Externalised?

  • Eva Zackova
  • Jan Romportl
Part of the Topics in Intelligent Engineering and Informatics book series (TIEI, volume 4)


The paper discusses Clark’s conception of extended mind and critically analyses his four criterions of externalised cognitive functions. Language as one of the most important means of externalisation is presented on the basis of Engelbart’s conception of human enhancement. Clark’s view of human-technology coupling is also strongly related to language which is regarded as a form of mind-transforming cognitive scaffolding. The material nature of language (as stressed by Clark in the domain of bodily gestures) is crucial for expression of mental concepts. This supports the belief that human cognitive enhancement is possible via technical means (e.g. AI-based speech prosthesis). However, from the philosophical point of view, even the categories of externality and internality of cognitive processes are very tricky.


Parity Principle Automatic Speech Recognition External Cognitive Process Human Enhancement Extend Mind 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva Zackova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jan Romportl
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Interdisciplinary Activities, New Technologies Research CentreUniversity of West BohemiaPlzeňCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy and ArtsUniversity of West BohemiaPlzeňCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Cybernetics, Faculty of Applied SciencesUniversity of West BohemiaPlzeňCzech Republic

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