Scaffolding Opportunity in Problem Solving – The Perspective of Weak-Tie
- 1.1k Downloads
The importance of students’ problem solving ability has been stressed and the goal of teaching database analysis, design and applications is that students can transfer what they learned in class to solve ill-structured problem in real life. Therefore teachers need to provide students a meaningful learning context for solving problems of the authentic context. But novices are deficient in problem solving owing to lack of domain-specific prior knowledge and metacognitive knowledge, so teachers have to perceive the students’ difficulties during problem solving from the point of view of 5W1H learning issues and provide dynamic scaffolding within students’ ZPDs. The aim of this study is to propose the double-spiral model to monitor and analyze students’ problem solving processes based on IDEAL by HCCS, and teachers play the role of weak-tie to link clusters of students through identifying the weak-tie emerged from students’ data. Based on the selected weak-tie, teachers can design scaffolding strategies within students ZPDs to support their problem solving.
Keywordsscaffolding zone of proximal development problem solving weak-tie
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Bransford, J., Stein, B.: The IDEAL problem solver. W. H. Freeman, New York (1984)Google Scholar
- 6.Jonassen, D.H.: Learning to solve problems: an instructional design guide. Pfeiffer, San Francisco (2004)Google Scholar
- 9.Schunk, D.H.: Learning theories: An educational perspective, 6th edn. (2011)Google Scholar