Scaffolding Opportunity in Problem Solving – The Perspective of Weak-Tie

  • Min-Huei Lin
  • Ching-Fan Chen
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 457)


The importance of students’ problem solving ability has been stressed and the goal of teaching database analysis, design and applications is that students can transfer what they learned in class to solve ill-structured problem in real life. Therefore teachers need to provide students a meaningful learning context for solving problems of the authentic context. But novices are deficient in problem solving owing to lack of domain-specific prior knowledge and metacognitive knowledge, so teachers have to perceive the students’ difficulties during problem solving from the point of view of 5W1H learning issues and provide dynamic scaffolding within students’ ZPDs. The aim of this study is to propose the double-spiral model to monitor and analyze students’ problem solving processes based on IDEAL by HCCS, and teachers play the role of weak-tie to link clusters of students through identifying the weak-tie emerged from students’ data. Based on the selected weak-tie, teachers can design scaffolding strategies within students ZPDs to support their problem solving.


scaffolding zone of proximal development problem solving weak-tie 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min-Huei Lin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ching-Fan Chen
    • 3
  1. 1.Aletheia UniversityNew Taipei CityTaiwan, R.O.C.
  2. 2.Graduate Institute of Information and Computer EducationNTNUNew Taipei CityTaiwan, R.O.C.
  3. 3.Tamkang UniversityNew Taipei CityTaiwan, R.O.C.

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