Modernization of GNSS

  • Joseph L. AwangeEmail author
  • John B. Kyalo Kiema
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Throughout history, position (location) determination has been one of the fundamental tasks undertaken by humans on a daily basis. Each day, one deals with positioning, be it going to work, the market, sport, church, mosque, temple, school or college, one has to start from a known location and move towards another known destination. Often the start and end locations are known since the surrounding physical features form a reference upon which we navigate ourselves. In the absence of these reference features, for instance in the desert or sea, one then requires some tool that can provide knowledge of position.


Global Position System Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Very Long Baseline Interferometry Global Position System Satellite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Spatial SciencesCurtin University of TechnologyPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  3. 3.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  4. 4.School of EnvironmentMaseno UniversityKisumuKenya
  5. 5.Geospatial and Space TechnologyUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

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