Methods of Thermal Field Measurements

  • Lev EppelbaumEmail author
  • Izzy Kutasov
  • Arkady Pilchin
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences book series (LNESS)


In the early days of geothermics, temperature measurements were made mainly in soil, underground water, mines, tunnels, draw-wells, shafts and caves. Temperature was measured with various air, water and alcohol thermometers with inaccurate scales. The measurements were often inaccurate and not compatible. Relatively precise graduated mercury and alcohol thermometers with conventional scales have only been used since the middle of the 18th century. Today, geophysical temperature devices can register temperature values with an accuracy of 0.001 °C and higher. This Chapter contains a scheme of different types of thermal observations in applied geophysics and their short description.


Underground Opening Thermal Measurement Backscatter Light Resistance Temperature Detector Distribute Temperature Sensor 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geophysics, Atmospheric and Planetary SciencesTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.BYG Consulting Co.BostonUSA
  3. 3.Universal Geoscience and Environment Consulting CompanyWillowdaleCanada

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