Advertisement

Methods of Thermal Field Measurements

  • Lev EppelbaumEmail author
  • Izzy Kutasov
  • Arkady Pilchin
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences book series (LNESS)

Abstract

In the early days of geothermics, temperature measurements were made mainly in soil, underground water, mines, tunnels, draw-wells, shafts and caves. Temperature was measured with various air, water and alcohol thermometers with inaccurate scales. The measurements were often inaccurate and not compatible. Relatively precise graduated mercury and alcohol thermometers with conventional scales have only been used since the middle of the 18th century. Today, geophysical temperature devices can register temperature values with an accuracy of 0.001 °C and higher. This Chapter contains a scheme of different types of thermal observations in applied geophysics and their short description.

Keywords

Underground Opening Thermal Measurement Backscatter Light Resistance Temperature Detector Distribute Temperature Sensor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Beardsmore GR, Gull JP (2001) Crustal heat flow: a guide to measurement and modelling. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bullard EC (1954) The flow of heat through the floor of the Atlantic Ocean. Proc Royal Soc 222:408–429 London, ACrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cappa F, Guglielmi Y, Gaffet S, Lancon H, Lamarque I (2006) Use of in situ fiber optic sensors to characterize highly heterogeneous elastic displacement fields in fractured rocks. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 43:647–654CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clarke TF, Malcolm FJ, Korgen BJ (1972) An improved Ewing heat probe frame. Mar Geophys Res 1:451–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eppelbaum LV, Khesin BE (2012) Geophysical studies in the Caucasus. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ginzburg S et al (1981) Underground geophysical investigations in ore deposits of Belokan-Zakatala ore field. Unpublished Report of TzNIGRI (Central Scient. Inst. of Non-Ferrous and Precious Metals), Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Hurtig E, Čermák V, Hänel R, Zui VI et al (eds) (1992a) Geothermal Atlas of Europe. Hermann Haack Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Geographisch-Kartographische Anstalt, Gotha. Set of 36 maps and Explanatory NoteGoogle Scholar
  8. Hurtig E, Schrötter J, Groβwig S, Kühn K, Harjes B, Wieferig W et al (1992b) Temperaturmessungen in Bohrlöchem mit Hilfe optischer Fasern. In: Forum für Zukunftsenergien e.V., Geothermische Vereinigung e.V., Geothermische Fachtagung 1992, Tagungsband, Bonn, pp 311–324Google Scholar
  9. Hurtig E, Groβwig S, Kühn K (1996) Fibre optic temperature sensing: application for subsurface and ground temperature measurements. Tectonophysics 257:101–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jacobs PA (2006) Thermal infrared characterization of ground targets and backgrounds. SPIE Press, WashingtonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jones EJW (1999) Marine geophysics. Willey, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  12. Kaplan H (2007) Practical applications of infrared thermal sensing and imaging equipment, 3rd edn. SPIE Press, WashingtonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Khesin BE, Eppelbaum LV (1994) Near-surface thermal prospecting: Review of processing and interpretation. Geophysics 59(5):744–752CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lubimova EA, Alexandrov AL, Duchkov AD (1973) Methodology of studying thermal flows through the Ocean bottom. Nedra, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  15. Sass JH, Lachenbruch AH, Munroe RJ, Greene GW, Moses TH Jr (1971) Heat flow in the western United States. J Geophys Res 76:6376–6413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sclater JG, Corry CE, Vacquier V (1969) In situ measurement of the thermal conductivity of ocean-floor sediments. J Geophys Res 74(4):1070–1081CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geophysics, Atmospheric and Planetary SciencesTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.BYG Consulting Co.BostonUSA
  3. 3.Universal Geoscience and Environment Consulting CompanyWillowdaleCanada

Personalised recommendations