Advertisement

V2X Communication Technology: Field Experience and Comparative Analysis

  • Heri Rakouth
  • Paul Alexander
  • Andrew Jr. Brown
  • Walter Kosiak
  • Masao Fukushima
  • Lali Ghosh
  • Chris Hedges
  • Henry Kong
  • Sven Kopetzki
  • Ramesh Siripurapu
  • Junqiang Shen
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 200)

Abstract

The exploration is built upon Delphi’s, Nissan’s, Cohda Wireless’ and Savari’s experiences in Asia, Europe and U.S.A. It describes and derives lessons from all four companies’ contributions in projects such as SMARTWAY in Japan, Drive C2X and in Europe, as well as the Connected Vehicle Safety Pilot in the U.S.A. All the above programs were implemented by means of the Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) technology in the SHF spectrum based on the IEEE 802.11p/Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) standard. The study is supplemented with insights regarding complementary technologies such DSRC in the lower UHF frequency band (i.e. 700 MHz) as well as a V2X implementation through the 4G LTE (Long Term Evolution) cellular telecommunication technology. This paper addresses issues regarding the physical layer (PHY) of the DSRC system. The combination of the delay profile caused by multipath propagation along with the motion-based Doppler spread leads to time and frequency dispersion. This limits the number of bytes acceptable for reliable communication or requires a solution at the receiver end. The analysis of the Doppler spread shows that DSRC implemented at 700 MHz is more immune from data packet length issues as opposed to 5 GHz DSRC. On the other hand, 700 MHz DSRC exhibits a much longer delay spread. Thus, guard time interval specified in ASTM E2213-03 cannot be applied as is to 700 MHz DSRC. This paper refers to the German project CoCarX and the Japanese SKY for pedestrian for studying the feasibility a V2X system built on the 4G/LTE technology and its infrastructure. It provides on a vision for an accelerated V2X deployment based on a heterogeneous system. Last, we recommend the ITS stakeholders to carry out extensive research and validation works on DSRC capacity for ensuring a large scale deployment.

Keywords

DSRC Latency Capacity Deployment LTE 

References

  1. 1.
    Sakanaka Y (2010) ITS radio systems in Japan [P]. ETSI, 2nd ETSI TC ITS Workshop, 10–12 February 2010, FranceGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Juliussen E (2012) V2X Technology’s arrival key to accident reduction and prevention” [R]. iSuppli, Q2 2012, Topical reportGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Juliussen E, Carlson J, “Automotive research: V2X’s current market status and scenarios for future deployment” [R]. iSuppli, Q4 2010, Topical report/automotive researchGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wani K (2012) “How innovation is driving safety?” [P], Mimistry of land, infrastructure, transport and tourism (MLIT), JapanGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Makino H, “Smartway project” [P], 12th ITS world congress, November 6–10, 2005. San Francisco, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Karagiannis G et al. (2011) “Vehicular networking: a survey and tutorial on requirements, architectures, challenges, standards and solutions”, IEEE communicationns surveys & tutorials, 1553-877X/11/$25.00 c 2011 IEEEGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fukushima M, “FOT methodologies and data handing—progress of SKY project” [P], FOT-net second international workshop, Sockholm, Sweden, 21 Sept 2009Google Scholar
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    Pina M et al. (2012) “Transforming transportation through connectivity: ITS strategic research plan, 2010–2014, Progress Update 2012” [B], U.S. Department of transportation/research and innovative technology administration/intelligent transportation systems joint program office, technical report FHWA-JPO-12-019, May 2012Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sayer J, “Connected vehicle safety pilot”, http://www.michigan.gov/documents/msp/SPMD_overview_031912_381173_7.pdf
  11. 11.
    Weigle M (2010) “Standards: WAVE/DSRC/802.11p” [P], Old Dominion University, Spring 2010, CS 795/895Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Muller M (2009) “WLAN 802.11p measurements for vehicle to vehicle (V2V) DSRC” [AN], Rhode & Schwarz, Application Note 09.2009-1 MA152_OeGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ASTM, “Standard specification for telecommunications and information exchange between roadside and vehicle systems—5 GHz band dedicated short range communications (DSRC) medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications” [S], ASTM, E2213-03, 2010Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shulman M, Deering R “Vehicle safety communications in the United States”, NHTSA/DOT, Paper number 07-0010Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rappaport T (2002) “Wireless communications: principle and practice” [B], 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, p 185Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rappaport T (2002) “Wireless communications: principle and practice” [B], 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, p 204Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Alexander P et al. (2011) “Cooperative intelligent transport systems: 5.9 GHz field trials” [J]. IEEE, 2011, Proceedings of the IEEE, 0018-9219/$26.00 2011 IEEEGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sevlian R et al. (2010) “Channel characterization at 700 MHz DSRC vehicular communication” [J], Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Article ID 840895, p 3Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yamamoto T (2011) “Activities on advanced ITS radiocommunications” [P]. ARIB, GSC-16 Halifax CanadaGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chadchan SM, Akki CB (2010) “3GPP LTE/SAE: an overview” [J]. Int J Comp Electr Eng 2(5):806–814. Oct 2010Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    www.nokiasiemensnetworks.com (2011) “LTE Transport Requirements—LTE-capable transport: a quality user experience demands an end-to-end approach” [P], white paper 12 Dec 2012
  22. 22.
    Ghosh A et al (2010) “Fundamentals of LTE” [B], Prentice Hall, New Jersey, pp 21–24Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    General Motors (2012) “GM developing wireless pedestrian detection technology” [J], GM Neews, 26 July 2012Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Dietz U (2009) “CoCar feasibility study: technology, business and diddemination” [R], CoCar consortium, Pulic reportGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    ETSI (2012) “Intelligent transport systems (ITS); framework for public mobile networks in cooperative ITS (C-ITS)”, [R], ETSI, technical report ETSI TR 102 962 v1.1.1, Feb 2012, pp 24–33Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    www.aktiv-online.org, “Cooperative Cars eXtended—CoCarX—activating mobile traffic channels” [R], http://amicale-citroen.de/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/CoCarX-Cooperative-Cars-Extended-Research-Project.pdf
  27. 27.
    Li Y (2010) “An overview of the DSRC/WAVE technology” [P], NICTA, Australia, 2010. www.nicta.com.au/pub?doc=4390
  28. 28.
    CAMP Vehicle Safety Communications 2 (2011) “Vehicle safety communications-applications VSC-A: second annual report—January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2008” [R]. U.S. Department of transportation/national highway traffic safety administration, report DOT HS 811 466, August 2011Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Oyama S, “Activities on ITS radiocommunications standards in ITU-R and in Japan” [P], Hitachi, 2008, 1st ETSI TC-ITS Workshop, 6 February 2009, Sophia Antipolis, FranceGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heri Rakouth
    • 1
  • Paul Alexander
    • 2
  • Andrew Jr. Brown
    • 1
  • Walter Kosiak
    • 1
  • Masao Fukushima
    • 3
  • Lali Ghosh
    • 4
  • Chris Hedges
    • 1
  • Henry Kong
    • 5
  • Sven Kopetzki
    • 4
  • Ramesh Siripurapu
    • 6
  • Junqiang Shen
    • 5
  1. 1.Delphi Automotive SystemsTroyUSA
  2. 2.Cohda WirelessAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Nissan MotorsKanagawaJapan
  4. 4.Delphi Automotive SystemsGermany
  5. 5.Delphi Automotive SystemsPudongChina
  6. 6.SavariUSA

Personalised recommendations